Windows is the brand name for a series of operating systems from Microsoft. Instead of tagging a post "Windows", try to use a more specific tag, like windows-7, windows-xp or windows-server-2008-r2 .

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3answers
20k views

What is the order group policy settings are applied?

So I have been reading the document "Group Policy processing and precedence". I get that policies are applied in the order of local, site, domain, organizational unit, child organizational unit. The ...
13
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4answers
18k views

How is route automatic metric calculated on Windows 7?

KB299540 explains how Windows XP automatically assign metrics to IP routes: The following table outlines the criteria that is used to assign metrics for routes that are bound to network interfaces ...
12
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4answers
466 views

How to dispatch a command from Windows to Windows

How do I script remote commands on other Windows computers from a Windows computer? E.g., on *nix-*nix networks, I can do ssh wu@otherbox foo, and provided the keys are set up correctly, foo runs and ...
12
votes
9answers
90k views

Windows File and Folder “Attributes” A or C

In Windows Server 2003, in the "Attributes" column of windows explorer, some files have "A" or "C" or "AC" or others. What do these mean?
12
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4answers
65k views

How do I force sync the time on Windows Server 2008 R2 Domain Controller?

What is the command to sync a Windows server domain controller to its configured time source?
12
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6answers
8k views

Which is faster, and why: transferring several small files or few large files?

I soon will have a folder with thousands of files, each file on the order of a few KB. I will need to transfer these across a Windows network from one UNC share to another. In general, is it faster ...
12
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9answers
8k views

Open Source PDF reader for windows as an alternative to Adobe reader

With the latest javascript vulnerabilities in Adobe reader and bloat it has aquired over the years, I've been thinking of moving the network I'm in charge of to a different product for PDF reading on ...
12
votes
10answers
888 views

What is the best way to gain access when the password is unknown?

If you were provided a computer running Windows 2000 or newer and you have no passwords, what method do you use to gain access with administrator privileges so you can use the system?
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3answers
3k views

How can I hide the Recycle Bin on Windows Server 2012?

On Windows 8 you can hide the Recycle Bin (and other icons on the desktop) by following Charms bar > Settings > Personalization. But on Server 2012 this returns an empty window with the message "This ...
12
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4answers
1k views

How do I deal with the removal/eradication of an unknown worm on our network?

TL;DR I'm pretty sure our small network has been infected by some sort of worm/virus. It seems to only be afflicting our Windows XP machines, however. Windows 7 machines and Linux (well, yea) ...
12
votes
4answers
10k views

DNS recursion is insecure, but necessary for internal applications?

In management of a Windows Server 2008, the server hosts DNS (is nameserver) for some domains, as well as hosting some applications that are publicly accessible. A security scan has indicated that ...
12
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4answers
6k views

Speeding up launch of Amazon EC2 Windows instances

I'm working on a Web service which is hosted on EC2 and needs to have a varying number of instances running, depending on load. We have the basic service up and running, but one of the things we're ...
12
votes
5answers
17k views

Disable Windows Server Network Locations

I'm not sure what exactly this feature is called. But in Windows Server 2008, it has the Vista Public/Private/Domain locations. This makes sense for laptops, and none at all for servers. My problem ...
12
votes
4answers
29k views

How do I see if a port is in use on a windows machine?

I am using Windows XP pro, and I need to know if something is registered on a port. If so how can I tell what is on the port? EDIT What I mean by registered is that I am trying to test a .NET ...
12
votes
2answers
5k views

Can someone please explain Windows Service Principle Names (SPNs) without oversimplifying?

I have wrestled with service principle names a few times now and the Microsoft explanation is just not sufficient. I am configuring an IIS application to work on our domain and it looks like some of ...
12
votes
10answers
1k views

What good free software is available for backing up a few PCs?

I have a network of about 30 Windows PCs. What good free software is available that will automatically (scheduled) make backups (not whole HDD but only certain folders) for these PCs and save on a ...
12
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4answers
30k views

Gaining administrator privileges in PowerShell

I only have one account on my Windows Vista machine, and that user has administrative privileges. However, when I try to execute a command within PowerShell to kill a certain process, I'm greeted with ...
12
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5answers
3k views

How do you deal with server noise? Hearing loss?

So we all work on servers, and some of us work around them as well. The sound is annoying and bad for our hearing. I wear earplugs when in the datacenter or earbuds which act kind of like earplugs ...
12
votes
1answer
807 views

Packet capture via cmd

I want to know if there is a tool that I can use to script out packet captures (command line) without having to install anything (and preferably not even pcap). This is for Windows machines; the tool ...
12
votes
2answers
6k views

How can a standard Windows user change their password from the command line?

On Windows Server 2008 R2, I have a standard (non-administrator) local user (not an Active Directory account, though the server is in a domain) who has access to the server only via PowerShell ...
12
votes
2answers
25k views

Distribution of root certificate with Windows AD Certificate Services

Windows Server provides a certificate authority service. However, it's not clear from its documentation how (or if) the root certificate gets distributed to clients. Do domain member computers ...
12
votes
5answers
19k views

How do I extract all archives in the subdirectories of this folder?

How do I extract multiple archives in contained in subdirectories in a folder, outputting the results back into the folders where the archives are.
12
votes
5answers
15k views

How do you document windows server configurations?

I come from a Unix background where documenting the configuration of a service (email for example) could be as simple as grabbing a few text configuration files and a paragraph or 2 of explanatory ...
12
votes
2answers
4k views

Website and Active Directory domain share the same name

In our network the name of the network domain is also the domain of the organization's website (say, example.com). Externally, people can enter example.com to visit our website, but internally, this ...
12
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3answers
852 views

Which media was used to install Windows 7

I need to find out if a deployment of Windows 7 to a network was done with OEM, Retail, Volume or VL (VLK) media. I need to know which product was used in case it is what is causing some licensing ...
12
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2answers
18k views

Microsoft Windows - Install Updates And Restart (instead of Install and Shutdown)

I have a Windows box I would like to manage remotely. When I logged in this morning, the Start menu shows a ! next to the Shutdown button, notifying me there are updates to install. But the only ...
12
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1answer
204 views

Windows Server 2003 Domain Controller Replacement

This Saturday evening we're going to be replacing our existing Windows Server 2003 domain controllers/dns servers with Windows Server 2008 R2 domain controllers/dns servers. The current forest and ...
12
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5answers
4k views

What are the practical differences between Interix and Cygwin?

Both Interix and Cygwin appear to provide a Unix-like user environment in Windows. What are the practical differences between the two, in terms of, for example: Unix-like "feel" Performance Package ...
12
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4answers
190 views

How to lock out normal (non-admin) users during software installs?

We have a lot of thin clients running Windows Embedded Standard 7 and an SCCM 2012 R2 server to manage them. The thin clients have their write filters enabled (FBWF) so machine changes are not ...
12
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7answers
3k views

How do you document/track your permissions

I'm a Windows Admin so those that integrate with Windows will likely be most helpful. My main challenge at this point is just with file shares but as SharePoint use increases it will only make this ...
12
votes
4answers
9k views

Is there a windows equivalent to chroot?

On a *nix system I can use a chroot to isolate 2 processes from each other and from the rest of the system. Is there any similar security system under windows? Or is there any way to prevent 2 ...
12
votes
3answers
3k views

Windows could not reconnect all network drives

OK, before you get all "OFF TO SUPERUSER WITH YOUR ISSUE!", they specifically state in their Help pages: "NOT about issues specific to corporate IT support and networks", and since this is a corporate ...
12
votes
3answers
933 views

Access control: Windows vs Linux

I'm reading MIT 6.893 lectures on which it says protection in Unix is a mess, no underlying principle, and it also points out that Windows has better alternatives, which can pass privileges from one ...
12
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2answers
2k views

16TB Volumes and SNMP On Windows

As volumes larger than 16TB became more common, it was recognized that the 32 bit value used to report disk size and usage within the standard "HOST-RESOURCES" MIB in SNMP was not large enough to ...
12
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1answer
234 views

What does shadow /V actually do?

According to shadow: C:\Users\mark.henderson>shadow /? Monitor another Remote Desktop Services session. SHADOW {sessionname | sessionid} [/SERVER:servername] [/V] sessionname ...
12
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3answers
1k views

Use Windows DHCP/DHCPv6 server without setting a static address

You cannot set the Windows DHCP/DHCPv6 server to listen on dynamic addresses or all addresses, only static addresses. Is there a technical reason for this limitation? Is there any workaround? My ...
12
votes
4answers
625 views

IIS7 ASP.NET application - 2 identical apps in 2 identical app pools, 1 is responsive and 1 is not

I have an ASP.NET (v4.0) web app that is installed in a virtual directory (as an application) and is hosted in it's own app pool. This is repeated for each instance of the app (i.e. per customer). ...
11
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5answers
1k views

Is it recommended to log off from Windows when finished working on a server with RDP?

Is there any impact on the server performance in case I don't log off after having used Remote Desktop Connection?
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3answers
6k views

Do you use performance counters on production IIS web sites?

Do you keep the counter ON during heavy production loads Which performance counters do you find useful for ASP.Net/IIS 6.0 websites?
11
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6answers
49k views

Windows7 - “The specified network password is not correct.” when the password is in fact correct

I have a samba server setup for some time now. It is a Hardware NAS - which unfortunately does not provide access to the Samba logs. (the exact model of the NAS is called Addonics NAS Adapter ) I ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Multiple IP addresses per NIC

How can I have multiple IP addresses assigned to a single NIC? I remember doing this on Unix way back when. Can it be done on Windows?
11
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7answers
18k views

How often should you defrag a Server?

Have a few servers and they have not been de-fragmented for two years. Is there a standard for what percentage should be fragmented before defragmenting? The servers are Windows 2003.
11
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8answers
26k views

Get a history of CPU/memory usage

Is there someway to record Task Managers info about CPU and memory usage to examine later? Or an equivalent tool?
11
votes
4answers
22k views

Does InstallShield keep a log during installation?

Just want to know if InstallShield keeps a log during installation of an application. I already checked C:\Program Files\InstallShield Installation Information{GUID}, but there isn't a log file ...
11
votes
6answers
107k views

Get IP addresses and Computer Names in the Same Network

What is the command that can be used to get the IP address and the names of the computers that are located in the same network? I am running Windows
11
votes
3answers
8k views

Virtual Machine memory usage not appearing in TaskManager

There's something about Windows memory management and it's relationship to TaskManager that I don't understand and I'm hoping someone can enlighten me. If I'm running a virtual machine (doesn't ...
11
votes
2answers
10k views

Best way to add HKCU keys and values for all existing users and all new users?

I need to add HKCU keys and values to all machines in a specific OU, for all existing user profiles and to the default profile. What's the best way to approach this? I could enumerate and iterate ...
11
votes
2answers
13k views

How can I manipulate Windows 7 Libraries via Group Policy?

I'm trying to add and remove Library locations from Windows 7's "Library" locations in for each of my users. While its easy to do this from the desktop, and its easy to disable libraries appearing ...
11
votes
4answers
15k views

How do I access a web server on a virtualbox from the host machine

I have a windows Vista machine upon which VirtualBox is running ubuntu. In ubuntu I am running a webserver at the address http://127.0.0.1:3000/ How do I access this address from my host machine ...
11
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2answers
14k views

Windows Appending Domain Suffix To All Lookups

I have a reoccurring DNS problem that has been plaguing our users occasionally causing their laptops to appended our companies domain to the end of all DNS queries. The problem only occurs when users ...