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83
votes
2answers
141k views

What is Active Directory Domain Services and how does it work?

This is a Canonical Question about Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS). What is Active Directory? What does it do and how does it work? How is Active Directory organized: Forest, Child ...
59
votes
2answers
82k views

How to Configure Windows Machine to Allow File Sharing with DNS Alias

What process is necessary to configure a Windows environement to allow me to use DNS CNAME to reference servers? I want to do this so that I can name my servers something like SRV001, but still have ...
33
votes
3answers
38k views

How can I connect to a Windows server using a Command Line Interface? (CLI)

Especially with the option to install Server Core in Server 2008 and above, connecting to Windows servers over a CLI is increasingly useful ability, if not one that's very widespread amongst Windows ...
19
votes
4answers
22k views

How do I tell if my Windows server is swapping?

I'm using Process Explorer to monitor my windows server while it reconstructs some data. It's primarily a CPU intensive process, but I want to make sure it's not swapping. How can I tell if it is ...
14
votes
3answers
13k views

What should the order of DNS servers be for an AD Domain Controller and Why?

This is a Canonical Question about Active Directory DNS Settings. Related: What is Active Directory and how does it work? Assuming an environment with multiple domain controllers ...
14
votes
4answers
3k views

How is Windows Server different from regular Windows?

I can run IIS on a normal installation, what is so different about windows server?
25
votes
0answers
1k views

What should I name my Active Directory? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Windows AD Domain naming recommendations There are a lot of really screwed up configurations out there, because people didn't take a minute to sit down and think about ...
66
votes
6answers
132k views

Boot and Install Windows from a USB thumb drive

Installing Windows from a thumb drive is vastly superior to burning a copy to a DVD which will fill some landfill somewhere with toxic stuff. Not to mention it's about 50x faster to install Windows ...
16
votes
12answers
39k views

How do I know if I'm working on a Virtual Machine or not?

Is there a way to know if the Windows machine I'm working on is virtual or physical? (I'm connecting with RDP to the machine. If it's a virtual machine it is working and handled by VMWare).
5
votes
6answers
25k views

Windows Event Log - email notification

Is there an easy way to send an email when a particular severity of event from a particular service hits the Windows server event log? This is on Windows Server 2003, if it makes a difference. n.b. ...
49
votes
9answers
65k views

What's the best way to move c:\users to d:\users under vista/W7 [closed]

I just installed Windows 7 RC1 and want to move c:\users to d:\users. What's the best way to do this? Due to the fact that Windows 7 creates a reserved partition that is mounted as C: in the ...
15
votes
5answers
3k views

Mercurial (hg) with active directory

Can I setup Mercurial to authenticate users on Active Directory? In my case, hg can run on Windows, Linux or FreeBSD, but I need to use AD users. Note: if it is possible, then please point me to a ...
10
votes
6answers
6k views

What are the popular (free?) options for application deployment?

I manage a small school network with about 150 machines. I am looking for an easy way to deploy software to all the machines without having to visit each one. I've used Symantec Ghost to get the ...
82
votes
8answers
139k views

Run a .bat file in a scheduled task without a window

I have a scheduled task that starts a batch script that runs robocopy every hour. Every time it runs a window pops up on the desktop with robocopy's output, which I don't really want to see. I ...
14
votes
2answers
81k views

Using ICACLS to set permissions on user directories

I'm trying to reset permissions on user directories and having a bit of trouble with the last step of my script. My script basically takes ownership of the entire user directory, resets the ...
14
votes
3answers
6k views

Removing old computers on a domain

The Windows Domain I manage has hundreds of computer names which I don't recognise and I'd like to remove old ones which aren't in use before trying to track down the misnamed ones. Is there someway ...
31
votes
3answers
70k views

How to sleep in a batch file?

How to pause execution for a while in a Windows batch file between a command and the next one?
27
votes
12answers
14k views

Do I really need MS Active Directory?

I manage a shop of arround 30 machines and 2 terminal servers (one production, one standby.) Should I really deploy Active Directory in our network? Are there any really benefits, that could ballance ...
17
votes
12answers
15k views

Is there an equivalent of SU for Windows

Is there a way (when logged in as an administrator, or as a member of the administrators group) to masquerade as a non-privileged user? Especially in an AD environment. e.g., in the Unix world I ...
3
votes
5answers
22k views

Windows networking performance (SMB/CIFS)

Are there registry settings or other settings available to tune Windows networking (SMB/CIFS) performance? I'm trying to get maximum throughput for large file copy operations but any settings would ...
6
votes
10answers
2k views

Server health monitoring software [closed]

Hey all! I am looking for some software to monitor the health status of our servers. Our environment is a pretty typical mix of HP/Dell running Microsoft Server and VMware vSphere. We are currently ...
14
votes
6answers
52k views

How can an unauthenticated user access a windows share?

I have a directory shared on my computer, which is part of the domain. Is it possible to set up the share so that a user logged on to a different machine which is not part of the domain can access my ...
32
votes
10answers
26k views

Ban IP address based on X number of unsuccessful login attempts?

Is it possible to ban an IP address after X number of unsuccessful login attempts to a Windows Server? Not to a particular account, which I know how to do, but to the whole machine. We get hit pretty ...
14
votes
4answers
15k views

Which permissions/rights does a user need to have WMI access on remote machines?

I'm writing a monitoring service that uses WMI to get information from remote machines. Having local admin rights on all these machines is not possible for political reasons. Is this possible? What ...
3
votes
5answers
1k views

Free automatic deployment systems?

Are there any free systems for deploying new applications across a Windows network? e.g. if I wanted to automatically install Silverlight to every PC? (Assuming a Windows network of about 150 ...
14
votes
1answer
491 views

How can I back up my recommendation to NOT disable the Windows Firewall service?

I know from direct personal experience that disabling the Windows Firewall service on post-XP systems can lead to all sorts of networking problems, and that the proper way of disabling it is by ...
13
votes
7answers
18k views

What ways there are to backup repositories for Windows VisualSVN?

At this moment we are using Visual SVN and we are backing up the entire repositories directory for visual svn. This backs up the entire data for each repository inside our svn engine. I am curious ...
6
votes
6answers
12k views

How can I have a Linux machine join a Windows Domain?

Sorry if I am misusing terms here; I actually don't know much about Active Directory and the related technologies. Basically I have a Linux computer and I'd like it (or my user on that computer) to ...
18
votes
5answers
13k views

Does fail2ban do Windows?

Can anyone recommend a fail2ban-like tool for a Windows OS? I've got a couple of Windows Media servers that get hammered with brute force authentication attempts. I would like to plug these ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

what's the syntax for Accessing smb/windows shares via alternative ports?

when port forwarding on my router for port 139 to port 139 of my linux-smb based NAS is enabled running a simple \computername.dynamicipserviceX.com\sharename on windows works. However when set to any ...
9
votes
5answers
32k views

SSH / SCP Server on Windows [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is a good SSH server to use on Windows? Can anyone on the SF community recommend a trustworthy/easy to set up SCP server for windows. I do not want to go through ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

Can I safely uninstall “Citrix Tools for Virtual Machines”?

Having several virtual servers with Windows 2008 R2 at our web hoster (Germany's "1&1", they seem to use Citrix Xen), I have every now and then some servers that hang (RDP login screen hangs ...
32
votes
4answers
70k views

How do I grant start/stop/restart permissions on a service to an arbitrary user or group on a non-domain-member server?

We have a suite of Windows Services running on our servers which perform a bunch of automated tasks independently of one another, with the exception of one service which looks after the other ...
18
votes
2answers
7k views

What is Group Policy and how does it work?

This is a Canonical Question about Active Directory Group Policy Basics What is Group Policy? How does it work and why should I use it? Note: This is a Question & Answer to new ...
12
votes
4answers
14k views

How to zero fill a virtual disk's free space on windows for better compression?

How to zero fill a virtual disk's free space on windows for better compression? I would like a simple open source tool (or at least free) for that. It should probably write an as big as possible file ...
14
votes
4answers
5k views

Finegrained performance reporting on svchost.exe

This is something that's always bothered me, so I'll ask the Server Fault community. I love Process Explorer for keeping track of more than just the high-level tasks you get in the Task Manager. But ...
11
votes
8answers
42k views

Windows7 - “The specified network password is not correct.” when the password is in fact correct

I have a samba server setup for some time now. It is a Hardware NAS - which unfortunately does not provide access to the Samba logs. (the exact model of the NAS is called Addonics NAS Adapter ) I ...
12
votes
4answers
5k views

Speeding up launch of Amazon EC2 Windows instances

I'm working on a Web service which is hosted on EC2 and needs to have a varying number of instances running, depending on load. We have the basic service up and running, but one of the things we're ...
11
votes
4answers
1k views

Windows Domain replication monitoring tool

I am looking for web-based interface GUI, or some kind of monitoring tool that will show replication status for a domain. I know I can use repadmin with various options on the command line to query ...
10
votes
14answers
4k views

How extensive is the use of Microsoft WINS nameservice these days?

I seem to recall over the years moves to try to stop the requirement of having a WINS nameservice as part of a Windows environment. My question is whether sites are still utilizing WINS or have ...
19
votes
5answers
28k views

How can I automatically restart a Windows service if it crashes?

I have a Windows service that exits unexpectedly every few days. Is there a simple way to monitor it to make sure it gets restarted quickly if it crashes?
8
votes
5answers
13k views

32-bit Windows Server address > 4GB RAM - How?

This is news to me. I was always under the impression that 32-bit OS could only address 2^32 i.e. 4GB of RAM. Period. But what's this - ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

Fully automated software deployment and update system [closed]

My office has about 120 Windows clients. We need a way to deploy and update free/downloadable software like Flash, Firefox, Skype etc.. This means that we want our clients to always have the latest ...
6
votes
6answers
17k views

Delete temporary files from batch script in xp

I'm looking for a good batch script that would quickly find & clean all the known safe temporary folders/files from Windows (as many variants as possible) machines (e.g. the windows temp folder, ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Windows 7 library nightmare

In our Active Directory we deploy a policy to our clients where the personal directory (My documents) is redirected to a file server of ours \\server\share\username\Documents In older systems ...
21
votes
8answers
1k views

What benefits are there to running a 64-bit Operating System?

I would like to hear community opinions on reasons to switch, to utilise, or when one should consider a x64 platform. Plus are there any additional benefits of running 64-bit Windows 7? over 64-bit ...
18
votes
2answers
3k views

Is there a specific name for the “.\” (dot-slash) shorthand used to log onto a Windows machine?

I guess the title just about says it all. And yes, .\, not that obsolete \. thing. :) For those who don't know, .\ is a shorthand way of saying "this computer"*see "footnote" in Windows at a logon ...
18
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there a Windows equivalent of Unix 'CPU steal time'?

In order to assess performance monitoring accuracy on virtualization platforms, the CPU steal time has become an increasingly relevant metric - see EC2 monitoring: the case of stolen CPU for an ...
7
votes
5answers
12k views

Is it possible for a Scheduled Task to run as NETWORK SERVICE?

It is quite simple to set up a task to run as a SYSTEM, but when setting it to NETWORK SERVICE it show "Access is denied" error message. Is there any way to get this working? (The problem is that I ...
5
votes
15answers
4k views

Best way to mount a Linux filesystem on Windows over the Internet?

I was going to attempt Samba over SSH, any better ideas? Edit: My mom has been bugging me to do some offsite backing up of her files. She currently uses Norton Ghost. I have a VPS that I use for ...