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6

Before I say anything else, DFSR is not a backup! Don't use it this way, or you'll get burned again eventually. So for clarification, you had Server1 with a set of files, and Server2 without that set of files. You added a folder target on Server2, and then created a replication group between the two servers? In theory if it was done as above then ...


6

They aren't related at all. There's a nice video at Channel9 talking about how DFS-R works. BITS isn't really a "replication" protocol-- it's just gives you a way to "trickle" downloads via HTTP using "spare" network bandwidth. DFS-R performs delta transfers of data (moving only the changed data) and doesn't use HTTP for its transport protocol.


6

Can I use DFS Replication in a workgroup? No. DFS Replication relies on Active Directory® Domain Services for configuration. It will only work in a domain. link here


6

It's amazing how the answer is sometimes staring you right in the face: The DFS Replication service has been repeatedly prevented from replicating a file due to consistent sharing violations encountered on the file. The service failed to stage a file for replication due to a sharing violation. Additional Information: File Path: ...


6

There is another way to get at the information, and that's through WMI. An enterprising soul has put together a PowerShell script that gathers this information: http://gallery.technet.microsoft.com/scriptcenter/dac62790-219d-4325-a57b-e79c2aa6b58e No indication of whether or not is faster than dfsrdiag, but I suspect it just might be. The WMI root is ...


6

This happens after you install hotfix 2663685 http://support.microsoft.com/kb/2663685 It changes the behaviour after a dirty DFSR shutdown so that there is no longer an automatic restart, instead it stays down allowing you to do whatever backups you may need to do, then you run a WMI command as per the article to restart it. Word of warning - applying this ...


6

No, DFS-R will not replicate the VSS shadow copies. Each server would maintain their own shadow copies. However, if you have bi-directional replication and you restore from a local shadow copy on server B, it would replicate that change to Server-A as long as that file doesn't already exist identically. If the folder hash is different, meaning the file ...


6

Disclaimer: I'm plotting my first DFS implementation at work, so my understanding comes from books (specifically Windows Server 2012: Inside Out in this case) rather than practice. But, I'm definitely interested in the answer. Assuming I understand your question, I think you're asking two discrete questions: How does DFS replicate? What determines the ...


5

You need to modify the DNS settings on the servers hosting the DFS namespace to prevent them from registering their public IPs. In the TCP/IP properties, on the DNS tab, on each of these servers untick the "Register this connection's address in DNS" box for the public NIC. You can manually delete the undesired entries from DNS and run an ipconfig ...


5

You can tweak the replication schedule to allow DFS-R to replicate at full-speed during off hours (or even on hours if appropriate). You can also try to increase the staging size on the back logged server. It should increase performance in this situation. You don't mention whether or not it's capped, but I assume it is since you have replication across a ...


5

DFS-R uses something called Remote Differential Compression. Instead of comparing and transfering an entire file, the algorithm will compare the signature of sequential chunks of data between the source and the target replica. This way, only differing chunks of data needs to be tranfered across the wire, in order to "reconstruct" the file at the target ...


4

A couple clarifying questions: How much data are you migrating (# of files and total size)? Do you plan on keeping the replication active following your migration, or is it a one-time transfer? Assuming you really do want to use DFS migration, I would use a single replication group. This reduces the complexity, chance for problems, and the amount of size ...


4

Did you make sure none of the issues mentioned in this article apply to your situation? Did you create a diagnostic report? What does it say? Also check the backlog: dfsrdiag backlog /rgname:GROUP /rfname:FOLDER /smem:SOURCE /rmem:DESTINATION /v Aside from that I'd recommend to fix permissions on the home directories. Best practice is to give full access ...


4

Depends entirely on how this is setup and what's cached. Anything from "nothing will happen" to "it will break completely" are possible. Basically, the Domain Controller here is needed for authentication to access the shares, and name resolution to translate your server names to IP addresses. If you have a client that has the DNS entry for its DFS server ...


4

I've just moved away from a DFS-R environment because of the very reason you described above. Locked files are impossible to deal with and causes all kinds of conflicts especially if both servers are being used like a proper failover (so users are hitting both servers at once). To me, DFS-R is decent for replicating over WAN/VPN connections to remote ...


3

We currently use Server 2008 DFSR to transfer 900 GB of files, with about 3 GB changing daily. Our topology is a single hub, with 3 spokes. Each spoke is on a 4Mb/1Mb ADSL connection, separated by roughly 300-500KM. Our hub site has a 10Mb/10Mb connection. Other than the lack of file locking, after some initial configuration problems DFSR has been running ...


3

yes no problem....... how do I make this 30 characters long dfsr doesn't care about the hardware, and different subnets are fine. You'll just need to get the site info straighten out.


3

Yes, you can upgrade your schema to accomodate the additional features without actually upgrading the operating system on your DCs. See steps for extending the schema on TechNet.


3

You can use either to replicate data however these technologies are unrelated. As Evan said BITS is a way to manage bandwidth utilization and allow data to be tranfered between hosts without impacting any other network transfers. IE if I copy a file between server S and server D using explorer, explorer will use up as much bandwith as possible. If I start ...


3

No synchronization tool can synchronize files that are open w/o running the risk of making inconsistent copies. Unless the tool has hooks into the application holding the file open to request that it "quiesce" the file there will always be a risk that a copy made of an open file will end up being inconsistent and unusable. It sounds, to me, like you're ...


3

The previous versions feature relies on "shadow copies", which is a Windows/NTFS feature which allows for the storage of multiple versions of a file. While this is available automatically on the client side for Windows Vista/7, older versions required you to install a "Shadow Copy Client" so that you could view these in Windows Explorer. Unfortunately there ...


3

Why not use the built-in DFS diagnostic reporting? I've setup scheduled email reports using a script similiar to the one here in the past. edit: Since Brent mentioned the powershell angle, there is also this script out there. I haven't used it and I don't have a DFS environment in my test environment to see what this does, but it may be worth looking at. ...


3

So, if I had read what was right under my nose, I would have seen that DFS Clients fail back to preferred target was un-checked: joeqwerty's answer is great for question #1.


3

For a REBOOT? No, just reboot it. You may get small outages if they are the only targets - otherwise clients fall over - but you can do that ona weekend or evening.


3

You shouldn't back up SQL Server databases from the filesystem level, it should be done by taking SQL backups and then backing up the SQL backup files. To remove the locks from the files you either have to stop SQL Server, take the database offline, or detach the database. If you want to replicate SQL Server databases you really should investigate one of ...


3

As Mathias already noted, DFS-R employs the "remote differential compression" algorithm similar to rsync's to only transmit the changed / appended portions of a file already present on the remote side. Additionally, the data is compressed before transfer using the XPRESS compression algorithm (Reference: Technet blog) since the very first appearence of DFS-R ...


3

It depends on what you mean by primary, and the configuration of NLB or DFSR. If you mean primary server for servicing web clients, then it depends on the NLB configuration. Usually no because the default configuration for NLB is round-robin. But a fail-over configuration is possibly. If you mean primary server for maintaining the flat files, then it ...


3

I'm suspecting that you don't have Access-Based Enumeration enabled on the secondary server, and this gives you the notion of the users having full access to everything. DFS-R does replicate the NTFS settings over (unless you muck around with NTFS settings on the primary folder BEFORE syncing). ABE is something you normally only configure on the DFS share, ...


3

If you will read a little more deeply into that page, it actually tells you. For example, for Win2k8 R2, KB article 975763 states, under the column "Hotfix type and availability" : To install this hotfix, you must have Windows Server 2008 R2 installed. This hotfix is available for individual download and is included in Windows Server 2008 R2 Service ...



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