RAID solution handled by the operating system.
Software RAID is implemented in the OS. It uses CPU to handle the RAID setup. It is cheaper than hardware raid. It often doesn't support features which you can find with hardware raid like:
- hot spare
- fast rebuilding of an array
- hot swapping
- high write throughput
Another problem is that it uses the CPU and memory of the computer to perform all the tasks (hardware raidcards have a special cpu and memory for this task). Therefor generating more load on your system.