What is the command to list what rpms could provide a particular file: the rpm that provide files already installed or rpms that could provide files that are not installed?
For already installed files/packages:
[jb@smokey ~]$ rpm -qf /etc/sudoers sudo-1.6.9p13-8.fc9.x86_64
For not-yet-installed files & packages:
[jb@smokey ~]$ yum whatprovides "/etc/sudoers" sudo-1.6.9p13-8.fc9.x86_64 : Allows restricted root access for specified users Repo : updates-newkey Matched from: Filename : /etc/sudoers sudo-1.6.9p13-4.fc9.x86_64 : Allows restricted root access for specified users Repo : fedora Matched from: Filename : /etc/sudoers sudo-1.6.9p13-8.fc9.x86_64 : Allows restricted root access for specified users Repo : installed Matched from: Other : Provides-match: /etc/sudoers
Note that "yum whatprovides " is a pattern match, so if you're not sure where the file you're looking for would live in the directory structure just surround it with quotes and asterisks:
yum whatprovides "*foo*"
Similarly if you're sure what you're looking for is a binary you can do:
yum whatprovides "*bin/foo"
I don't know about files not installed already but for a file that is already installed you can use rpm -qif:
rpm -qif /bin/ls Name : coreutils Relocations: (not relocatable) Version : 5.97 Vendor: Red Hat, Inc. Release : 23.el5 Build Date: Mon 13 Jul 2009 04:21:27 AM MDT Install Date: Fri 11 Sep 2009 04:46:01 AM MDT Build Host: hs20-bc1-7.build.redhat.com Group : System Environment/Base Source RPM: coreutils-5.97-23.el5.src.rpm Size : 9053874 License: GPLv2+ Signature : DSA/SHA1, Tue 28 Jul 2009 03:42:40 AM MDT, Key ID 5326810137017186 Packager : Red Hat, Inc. URL : Summary : The GNU core utilities: a set of tools commonly used in shell scripts Description : These are the GNU core utilities. This package is the combination of the old GNU fileutils, sh-utils, and textutils packages.If you have the RPM downloaded you can query to see what is going to install:
rpm -qilp ./Server/jzlib-1.0.7-4jpp.1.i386.rpm warning: ./Server/jzlib-1.0.7-4jpp.1.i386.rpm: Header V3 DSA signature: NOKEY, key ID 37017186 Name : jzlib Relocations: (not relocatable) Version : 1.0.7 Vendor: Red Hat, Inc. Release : 4jpp.1 Build Date: Tue 08 Aug 2006 12:10:03 PM MDT Install Date: (not installed) Build Host: hs20-bc1-6.build.redhat.com Group : Development/Libraries/Java Source RPM: jzlib-1.0.7-4jpp.1.src.rpm Size : 280436 License: BSD-style Signature : DSA/SHA1, Thu 18 Jan 2007 08:49:50 AM MST, Key ID 5326810137017186 Packager : Red Hat, Inc. URL : Summary : JZlib re-implementation of zlib in pure Java Description : The zlib is designed to be a free, general-purpose, legally unencumbered -- that is, not covered by any patents -- lossless data-compression library for use on virtually any computer hardware and operating system. The zlib was written by Jean-loup Gailly (compression) and Mark Adler (decompression). /usr/lib/gcj/jzlib/jzlib-1.0.7.jar.db /usr/lib/gcj/jzlib/jzlib-1.0.7.jar.so /usr/share/doc/jzlib-1.0.7 /usr/share/doc/jzlib-1.0.7/LICENSE.txt /usr/share/java/jzlib-1.0.7.jar /usr/share/java/jzlib.jaryou can omit the "-i" from options if you don't care to see all the info about the RPM.
If you don´t want to (or can´t) use yum (e.g. on an offline machine), you can search inside not-installed RPMs by doing
# rpm -qp --filesbypkg *rpms-to-search-in* | grep *file-to-search-for*
This can take some time, so be patient when searching among *.rpm on a large repository, like an install DVD, for example. But, unlike "-qpl", "-qp --filesbypkg" will list both the file and the RPM to which it belongs, for example:
# rpm -qpl p*.rpm|grep libpq.so.4 /usr/lib/libpq.so.4 /usr/lib64/libpq.so.4 # rpm -qp --filesbypkg p*.rpm|grep libpq.so.4 postgresql-libs /usr/lib/libpq.so.4 postgresql-libs /usr/lib64/libpq.so.4
in which case the apparent duplicate is due to the presence of i386 and x86_64 packages (made obvious from the "lib64" string).