What is the best way to find a user's Documents folder on XP and Vista from a batch script? Is it safe to assume that it's %USERPROFILE%\Documents?
A complete reference of environment variables can be found here, on the microsoft site, it can also be found in a registry key.
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Shell Folders String value: Personal
In the event the My Documents folder is not in the standard location, pulling the information out the registry key is probably the most reliable way.
so my final version looks like this:
FOR /F "tokens=3 delims= " %%G IN ('REG QUERY "HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Shell Folders" /v "Personal"') DO (SET docsdir=%%G)
where the character between delims= and the following " is a single tab. Make sure your editor emits a tab and not spaces.
EDIT: On Windows 7 (and maybe all windows) you shouldn't specify delims= at all as it defaults to which is the whitespace used inbetween the tokens and not just a tab.
The best way to determine the location of My Documents is from the Windows Registry.
Several other answers and comments on this page have made reference to using "reg query". Below is the correct implementation that takes into account spaces in the path, as well as different versions of Windows:
for /f "tokens=1,2*" %%A in ('reg query "HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Shell Folders" /v "Personal" 2^>nul') do ( set RNAME=%%A set RTYPE=%%B set RDATA=%%C )
Here is the one-liner for script writers:
for /f "tokens=1,2*" %%A in ('reg query "HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Shell Folders" /v "Personal" 2^>nul') do set MY_DOCS_ROOT=%%C
This does not take into account localization or internationalization. This has not been tested on non-English versions of Windows. Comments on that topic are welcome.
This does work for Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, and Windows 8.
Note: Using the asterisk in the tokens= option is important for Windows XP, which usually contains spaces in the path for My Documents.
Note: If using implicit variables like %%B and %%C seems a little strange, you may have a look at this article:
tokens=3* will process the third token and the 4th + all subsequent items, this can also be written as tokens=3,*
Each token specified will cause a corresponding parameter letter to be allocated. The letters used for tokens are case sensitive.
If the last character in the tokens= string is an asterisk, then additional parameters are allocated for all the remaining text on the line.
The first variable is declared in the FOR statement and subsequent variables will be implicitly declared via the tokens= option.
The linked article gives the exact ordering of the variables that will be declared implicitly, but it is essentially alphabetic.
(With three tokens, by declaring %%A in the FOR statement, %%B and %%C will be declared implicitly. In the same way, by declaring %%X in the FOR statement, %%Y and %%Z will be declared implicitly.)
That'll be the place that the system knows about (although it's My Documents in XP), however you'll have to judge for yourself whether or not that's a safe assumption for your environment. If you use My Documents redirection, though, that variable should be set to whatever you redirect to with the default set to c:\documents and settings[username] in XP or c:\users[username] in Vista.
:getuserdoc folder from registry set idkey="HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Shell Folders" call:fetchvalue errorlevelvariable %idkey% Personal goto:eof errorlevel is set if fail :fetchvalue set /a %1=0 REG query %2 /v %3 if ERRORLEVEL 1 (set /a %1=1&goto :eof) FOR /F "tokens=3* skip=2 delims= " %%A IN ('REG QUERY %2 /v %3') DO SET %3="%%A" goto:eof
Use Button GETSource as this wenpage cant display answer characters are removed!
For all who, like me, stumble upon this post while searching for a way to simply get the users documents folder, having next to zero experience about batch files, but want to use the great solution by Werkkrew or (probably?) the derived version by user55644, that's how I made it working on my windows 7 Pc:
echo off setlocal enableextensions enabledelayedexpansion FOR /F "tokens=3" %%G IN ('REG QUERY "HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Shell Folders" /v "Personal"') DO (SET targetdir=%%G) echo on echo %targetdir%