0

I have a host that have two WAN interfaces connected to the two different ISP (lets say it is LTE modem and WiFi module). Each interface get it's IPv4 address, network and gateway using DHCP and almost always it is private IPv4 address.

The issue is that two ISPs can decide to give IPv4 address from same network (for example LTE modem will get 10.10.0.1/24 and WiFi module 10.10.0.2/24). Such configuration breaks network routing on the host.

Is there any best practices to handle such kind of issues?

2
  • Is there a "best practice" for endpoints that have two Internet connections? No, there is not.
    – Greg Askew
    Commented Jun 28, 2023 at 3:21
  • The issue is that two ISPs can decide to give IPv4 address from same network There are hundreds of millions of endpoints like this, it is hardly an "issue".
    – Greg Askew
    Commented Jun 28, 2023 at 3:42

1 Answer 1

1

In your example, there will be no problem as the subnets 10.0.0.1/24 and 10.10.0.2/24 do not overlap. However should they overlap, you will indeed run into problems. Which exactly will mostly depend on the handling of such a situation by the specific operating system. The best way to avoid that is to log into your Wifi / LTE modem and change their respective DHCP client ranges to be mutually exclusive. If that is not an option, you could think about setting a fixed IP configuration for one or both of your interfaces in order to avoid a CIDR overlap.

3
  • Yes, indeed, I've made an typo. In example LTE modem should get 10.10.0.1/24 and WiFi module 10.10.0.2/24. Commented Jun 28, 2023 at 7:17
  • @KamilZaripov In that case, yes, you'll run into problems and depending on what Operating System you use, it may choose to just ignore one or both of the lines. Using a fixed IP may help you, if that still is not an option you can manually deactivate one of the interfaces. As both interfaces provide redundant routes your machine will only ever use one at a time anyway. If you wanted to use both you'd need a load balancing device in between to take full advantage of the bandwidth of both WAN connections.
    – MoWo
    Commented Jun 28, 2023 at 7:28
  • My operation system is Linux, but both fixed IP and deactivating all interfaces except one is not an option. It seems that it is possible to use both links simultaneously using iptables (for SNAT) and arptables (to fix gw address). If it will work pretty stable - I will post it as an answer here. Commented Jun 28, 2023 at 9:06

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .