Ok so i wanted to give nginx a try and while setuping my Django app through FastCGI i encountered a issue. FastCGI is running ok but static files give me 404. Here is my config:

server {
 listen   80;
 server_name  localhost;
 access_log  /var/log/nginx/default.access.log;

 location /static/public {
  autoindex on;
  index index.html;
  root /home/daniels/djangoapp/public;

 location / {
  include /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params;
  fastcgi_pass unix:/home/daniels/djangoapp/djangoapp.sock;

 # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
 #error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
 #location = /50x.html {
 # root   /var/www/nginx-default;

Anything that i try to access as gives a 404
eg: which is at /home/daniels/djangoapp/public/css/style.css gives 404

Any idea what's wrong?


2010/02/20 22:31:42 [error] 3411#0: *3 open() "/home/daniels/djangoapp/public/img/static/public/img/background.jpg" failed (2: No such file or directory), client:, server: localhost, request: "GET /static/public/img/background.jpg HTTP/1.1", host: ""

So it seems that it appends the /static/public part from location directive to the root

Ok, i'm really sorry about the typos, but this was made when i copy & pasted the log and edited the name of the app. What seems to happen is that for /static/public i have root set to /home/daniels/djangoapp/public so for i was expecting nginx to look for the file at /home/daniels/djangoapp/public/test.jpg but instead it looks for it at /home/daniels/djangoapp/public/static/public/test.jpg
It seems that it appends an extra /static/public to the path.

  • "/home/daniels/djnagoapp/public/img/static/public/img/background.jpg" Is djnagoapp intentional typo? – Espennilsen Feb 21 '10 at 12:05

Just fixed using this:

location /static/public/ {
    alias /home/daniels/neasoferul/public/;
  • 3
    Thanks, I was using root as well and took me about an hour to figure out what was going on. – xamox Jan 20 '12 at 20:14
  • Ran into the same issue as xamox. :) – Jason Tu Dec 3 '14 at 18:28
  • How can I set a list of alias in one location section? – Amintabar Oct 4 '18 at 5:32

I think Nginx associates rules in reverse order: try putting the /static/public part underneath the / rule.

I have this config, which works fine:

# proxy to Apache 2 and mod_python
location / {
    proxy_set_header    Host             $host;
    proxy_set_header    X-Real-IP        $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header    X-Forwarded-For  $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;

    proxy_pass http://wsgi;
# catch any weird erroneous media locations - it's a sub domain
location /media/ {
    root   /var/www/sites/mysite/static;
  • 2
    It doesn't. It uses the most specific location block. If you have location /media and location /media/images and a request for /media/images/logo.png is received then it will always use /media/images, regardless of the order. – Martin Fjordvald Feb 21 '10 at 17:26

Assuming you didn't actually type in sytle.css in the URL but rather style.css then enable the error log: http://wiki.nginx.org/NginxHttpMainModule#error_log and see which path it's trying to access.


You should put your static content in its own subdomain. It's easier to manage and expand later.

  • Agree on that, but in this particular case i have to server the whole stuff just by ip, no domain name available. – daniels Feb 20 '10 at 19:20

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