Surprisingly, it's been tough for me to find the command(s) to do this. Does anyone know how to add a group? Thanks!

Or do something like this:

# create the MySQL group
dscl . create /Groups/mysql
# give it some group id
dscl . create /Groups/mysql gid 296

4 Answers 4


I've used these to add dba group:

sudo dscl . -create /groups/dba
sudo dscl . -append /groups/dba gid 4200
sudo dscl . -append /groups/dba passwd "*"
  • 2
    Not sure if things have changed since this answer was written, but with El Capitan (v10.11), in order to get the group name to display in ls -l commands, I had to use a variation of the second command, sudo dscl . -append /groups/dba PrimaryGroupID 4200 I got the field name from the output of sudo dscl . -readall /groups.
    – Greg Tarsa
    Oct 12, 2016 at 3:51
  • ...and passwd is now Password.
    – bjnord
    Sep 10, 2017 at 16:21

"System preferences" -> "Users&Groups" -> "+" (as if you were adding new account) -> Under "New account" select "Group" -> Type in group name -> "Create group"


pulegium's answer is generally preferred, but if you want a command-line way:

sudo dseditgroup -o create mysql

(note that creating a group named mysql is probably a bad idea -- there's already a group named _mysql, with mysql as an alias.)

  • "pulegium's answer" is apparently no longer available. Do you remember what it was? May 19, 2012 at 12:17
  • IIRC it was to use System Preferences -- a lot like rytis' answer. (@rytis: did you change your username, by any chance?) May 19, 2012 at 15:25
  • 1
    In my opinion, this is the most stable answer for creating a group on Mac OSX. In testing a solution for my latest product (xcron), I found that dseditgroup appears to produce the most consistent results a decade later while dscl has undergone inconsistent changes over the same time period. Feb 23, 2022 at 0:45

As Gordon Davisson notes, standard Mac OS X 10.6 already has a mysql group, as this command shows:

dscl . -read /Groups/mysql

You shouldn’t create your own mysql group, and any attempts to modify it will affect the _mysql group. But to answer your question, the most succinct way to do it would be this single command:

dscl . -create /Groups/mysql gid 296

To add an encrypted password to the group:

dscl . -passwd /Users/mysql ‘my secret’

Note: Andrea Girardi’s method creates a plaintext password, which isn’t so good.

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