Surprisingly, it's been tough for me to find the command(s) to do this. Does anyone know how to add a group? Thanks!

Or do something like this:

# create the MySQL group
dscl . create /Groups/mysql
# give it some group id
dscl . create /Groups/mysql gid 296
up vote 22 down vote accepted

I've used these to add dba group:

sudo dscl . -create /groups/dba
sudo dscl . -append /groups/dba gid 4200
sudo dscl . -append /groups/dba passwd "*"
  • 2
    Not sure if things have changed since this answer was written, but with El Capitan (v10.11), in order to get the group name to display in ls -l commands, I had to use a variation of the second command, sudo dscl . -append /groups/dba PrimaryGroupID 4200 I got the field name from the output of sudo dscl . -readall /groups. – Greg Tarsa Oct 12 '16 at 3:51
  • ...and passwd is now Password. – bjnord Sep 10 '17 at 16:21

"System preferences" -> "Users&Groups" -> "+" (as if you were adding new account) -> Under "New account" select "Group" -> Type in group name -> "Create group"

pulegium's answer is generally preferred, but if you want a command-line way:

sudo dseditgroup -o create mysql

(note that creating a group named mysql is probably a bad idea -- there's already a group named _mysql, with mysql as an alias.)

  • "pulegium's answer" is apparently no longer available. Do you remember what it was? – Codie CodeMonkey May 19 '12 at 12:17
  • IIRC it was to use System Preferences -- a lot like rytis' answer. (@rytis: did you change your username, by any chance?) – Gordon Davisson May 19 '12 at 15:25

As Gordon Davisson notes, standard Mac OS X 10.6 already has a mysql group, as this command shows:

dscl . -read /Groups/mysql

You shouldn’t create your own mysql group, and any attempts to modify it will affect the _mysql group. But to answer your question, the most succinct way to do it would be this single command:

dscl . -create /Groups/mysql gid 296

To add an encrypted password to the group:

dscl . -passwd /Users/mysql ‘my secret’

Note: Andrea Girardi’s method creates a plaintext password, which isn’t so good.

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