For as long as I can remember, I've always used the IP 22.214.171.124 when testing network connectivity using ping. What is significant about this IP, and when did this practice start?
I ping it because it has always been up, and is easy to remember when DNS isn't working. But you might want to read this for more information: http://www.tummy.com/Community/Articles/famous-dns-server/.
Hey everybody... it's me, Dan. I'm the guy who made this claim, and I'm here to talk more about it. Here's the long, drawn-out version of what happened.
I was managing a NOC for a fixed-data wireless company in Florida at the time- fuzion (gofuzion.com - I could write a book about that place). I had a few guys working with me that were relatively new to the networking world. Heck, at that time, so was I, only having a few years of skin in the game.
Because of the novice-level skills brought to bear, I had guys who couldn't pull up a website on their own workstation and would freak out that the 'Internet was down'. Honestly, it was pretty pathetic. One kneejerk reaction everyone had was to ping yahoo.com. That's nice, but involves DNS resolution, so it's prone to failure. They, of course, couldn't remember the IP address to Yahoo, and Google wasn't up (to any real degree) at that point, so what was a simple IP address that everyone could remember that would be up and work reliably and consistently? Remember, this is many years ago, when carrier stability was a sales point, not a forgone conclusion.
I had, at that time, recently put together our WUG (version 3 I think, yay!) map together and wanted some outside hosts for checking. I wanted a pure-ip address that was easy to recognize as well. I putzed around and pinged simple addresses... 126.96.36.199, 188.8.131.52, and so on. I thought about a conversation I had with my boss earlier in the day (a truly gifted man by the name of Robert Campbell), who related back the resiliency of the PSTN. It hit me... telephone service had 411 for information. 184.108.40.206 ... just one more digit and boom goes the dynamite... and it PINGS!. I put it in my WUG map and forgot about it for a week or two.
I go back to review my map and this host has never gone down. I was too lazy previously to see who it belonged to, but now my curiosity was piqued. How stupid did I feel? It was a DNS server for GTE. Of course it was bound to be up most of the time. Back on the floor of the NOC, guys were still being dumb (this, for some, never changed. I'm sure all here can relate. We had a term for them pulled from the Denver office... "tits on a bull". But I digress.) They'd freak out when they or a client would have connectivity problems... and from there I told them, "Ping 220.127.116.11 . It will always work if your connection to the general Internet works. It's like 411 for the Internet." I know, super-cheesy. But I learned that super-cheese worked in tense situations, not just with nachos.
It worked. Guys stopped trying to ping DNS names or remembering their home cable/dsl address that would likely change anyway. They could just remember this simple address.
One day, I suppose they turned off ICMP- it stopped working. Guys in the NOC weren't crying, but they definitely had their panties in a twist. "18.104.22.168" was given in frustration by moi, which also coincidentally was the secondary to 22.214.171.124 (I think, could be wrong), and was responding to ICMP. It stuck. It spread. That's how it goes sometimes.
On the phone I heard these guys telling clients to ping 126.96.36.199 to test connectivity. I heard them on the phone with vendors testing with the address. What made me smile one day a couple years later was a frantic front-line DSL phone tech walking me through my home connectivity outage. "Ping 188.8.131.52" she quipped. Did I feel a little warm inside? You betcha.
So that's it. Did I invent it? For me in my little world, yes. Could someone else have already (or somewhat simultaneously) done it, like the radio or flight or any other actually important thing that has some actual impact in our lives? I hope this puts an end to the rumors. (reposted on mywebsite)
Via Dan Farrell (dannosite.com) @ http://www.tomshardware.com/forum/169983-46-what
I am going to take credit for 184.108.40.206 being used as a DNS server entry in your router... here's the story-
In 1998, I was managing a network operations center with a few support technicians. Early on in training these guys, I told them to ping 220.127.116.11 to see if the Internet was 'up', because 18.104.22.168 seemed like the "411" from phone calling... easy to remember when you were panicky (as they could become when our network had problems).
One day 22.214.171.124 stopped responding to pings, and we freaked out for a second- but only it was down. I immediately responded with, "Well, then what about 126.96.36.199?", just incrementing the 1's to 2's. It NEVER went down. It soon became our defacto test host to ping.
After a very short while, we were curious as to what this address was used for... and not being from the NE where it was originally used in the GTE network, we didn't already know it was a secondary caching-only resolver. But we soon found out... and also found that it was usable from outside GTE's network. So when we needed a quick DNS server to use ... we used 188.8.131.52.
I think it spread- not only as a DNS server to use, but also as a ping host test. I've definitely used it in my network administration career and told others to use it. But to hear it come back as a suggestion to me makes me smile.
Personally I think it's insecure that Level3 (which now controls it) allows it to continue to resolve for clients outside of it's network... but that doesn't stop me from using it
Dan Farrell dannosite.com
I generally use 184.108.40.206 which is a public google dns server, even better to remember but not as old as 220.127.116.11, details HERE
If I have DNS resolution, I always ping Google.com since their DNS entries will send me to something near me that is responsive and it's extremely unlikely that it will be blocked. Even 18.104.22.168 stands a chance at being blocked if I walk into a client's office that had a hardcore admin who explicitly blocked some well known public services in the name of security or passive aggressive tendencies.
If I don't have DNS resolution, I tend to ping 22.214.171.124 or 126.96.36.199 (and hope there was no previously entrenched hardcore admin who blocked those at the gateway). Those are OpenDNS's two IP addresses. Not the easiest to remember, however they're worth remembering (since I use OpenDNS on everything that resolves internet names) so once you've memorized them it's a simple act of mind-muscle memory to type it.