168

My company runs an internal DNS for mycompany.example

There is a machine on the network that I need to find, but I’ve forgotten its name. If I could see a list, it would probably jog my memory.

How can I list all of the domain records for mycompany.example?

157

The short answer is to your specific question of listing CNAMEs is that you can't without permission to do zone transfers (see How to list all CNAME records for a given domain?).

That said, you can use dig to list the other records by doing:

dig +nocmd yourdomain.example any +multiline +noall +answer
  • 3
    any is no good on some DNS servers IN HINFO "ANY obsoleted" "See draft-ietf-dnsop-refuse-any" – niieani Nov 1 '17 at 19:51
  • 2
    The question has nothing to do with CNAME records... – Patrick Mevzek Oct 7 '18 at 17:44
  • for me, dig @8.8.8.8 +nocmd yourdomain.example any +multiline +noall +answer lists more records – Binar Web Feb 16 at 8:44
  • This command returns 0 answer records on any of 8 domains I tried. – Jim L. Apr 26 at 20:47
  • dig domain.com ANY is a much more clear and expressive answer. – Tomas Zubiri May 26 at 4:02
74

A much easier command to remember (and more informative) is:

> dig google.com ANY

Which returns the following:

; <<>> DiG 9.8.3-P1 <<>> google.com ANY
;; global options: +cmd
;; Got answer:
;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NOERROR, id: 31013
;; flags: qr rd ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 22, AUTHORITY: 0, ADDITIONAL: 3

;; QUESTION SECTION:
;google.com.            IN  ANY

;; ANSWER SECTION:
google.com.     17  IN  A   74.125.225.72
google.com.     17  IN  A   74.125.225.73
google.com.     17  IN  A   74.125.225.78
google.com.     17  IN  A   74.125.225.64
google.com.     17  IN  A   74.125.225.65
google.com.     17  IN  A   74.125.225.66
google.com.     17  IN  A   74.125.225.67
google.com.     17  IN  A   74.125.225.68
google.com.     17  IN  A   74.125.225.69
google.com.     17  IN  A   74.125.225.70
google.com.     17  IN  A   74.125.225.71
google.com.     86400   IN  NS  ns1.google.com.
google.com.     86400   IN  NS  ns2.google.com.
google.com.     86400   IN  NS  ns3.google.com.
google.com.     86400   IN  NS  ns4.google.com.
google.com.     66641   IN  SOA ns1.google.com. dns-admin.google.com.    2013082900 7200 1800 1209600 300
google.com.     177 IN  MX  40 alt3.aspmx.l.google.com.
google.com.     177 IN  MX  50 alt4.aspmx.l.google.com.
google.com.     177 IN  MX  10 aspmx.l.google.com.
google.com.     177 IN  MX  20 alt1.aspmx.l.google.com.
google.com.     177 IN  MX  30 alt2.aspmx.l.google.com.
google.com.     287 IN  AAAA    2607:f8b0:4009:803::1007

;; ADDITIONAL SECTION:
ns1.google.com.     3924    IN  A   216.239.32.10
ns2.google.com.     64508   IN  A   216.239.34.10
ns3.google.com.     64508   IN  A   216.239.36.10

;; Query time: 77 msec
;; SERVER: 10.6.23.4#53(10.6.23.4)
;; WHEN: Fri Sep 13 14:26:09 2013
;; MSG SIZE  rcvd: 506
  • 18
    This is not what the question is asking for. It's asking for all of the records within the 'google.com.' domain, not just the records for 'google.com.'. There is nothing in your query listing anything not 'google.com.' except for the glue records (A records for the name servers). – yoonix Sep 13 '13 at 20:01
  • 5
    Perfect command. Succinct and easy to remember, thanks for posting! – fusion27 Jun 21 '14 at 14:24
  • Now the only answer from google.com to ANY queries is: google.com. 14400 IN CNAME forcesafesearch.google.com. (gist.github.com/Dorian/afb136672c91fc89df572a4b0f8106dd) – Dorian Sep 13 '16 at 14:17
  • 8
    The IETF proposes to refuse ANY. I get: HINFO "Please stop asking for ANY" "See draft-ietf-dnsop-refuse-any" – Tom Hale Nov 6 '16 at 8:40
53

Try:

dig -tAXFR mycompany.example

This may or may not work. Many DNS servers will deny a DNS Zone Transfer like this. For more information, see How the AXFR protocol works

  • 1
    You're on the right track, but that syntax doesn't work for me. What works is dig @ns.example.com -tAXFR example.com where ns.example.com is a primary nameserver for the zone, and where the DNS admin has enabled zone transfer requests from the host or IP you're querying from. Without AXFR permission there is no way to query ALL DNS records in a zone. I'm not sure, but I don't believe AXFR requests can be done recursively, hence the need to query the zone's top-level nameserver directly, which is what the @ns.example.com part of the syntax does. The actual hostname will vary. – Jim L. Apr 26 at 21:01
  • Yes @Jim you’re right, you may need to specify an authoritative nameserver to query. – Josh Apr 27 at 15:02
22

You can also use host DNS lookup utility with -l switch:

host -l example.com

Of course you need DNS zone transfer rights for this to work.

  • 1
    same as dig -t AXFR domain.name – XXL Jan 15 '12 at 23:33
  • 11
    @XXL ... except a lot easier to remember.... +1 – Jeremy Holovacs Dec 9 '12 at 20:20
3

The approach you're trying to use won't work. See this question for more information. Assuming you're the admin (if you're not please discuss this with your admin and read the FAQ before posting again) simply look up the zone file.

2
dnscmd <ServerName> /zoneprint <Domain>

I found none of the answers so far would work for me, mostly due to zone transfer failures. This command did not run into that issue and presented me with something closer to what I get in the DNS Manager tool.

  • For me this is the best answer. No zone transfer issues, just pipe it to find and you're done. All domain records referencing the server you're interested in. (note ServerName above is the DNS server). – aucuparia Jul 26 '17 at 15:18
  • 1
    weird, could not brew install dnscmd – the0ther Nov 7 '17 at 14:42
  • 1
    dnscmd is windows only: see technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc784399(v=ws.10).aspx – user906489 Feb 10 '18 at 9:54
0

You can also use nslookup tool:

nslookup example.com
0
dig domain ANY

should give you all records. I write should because it depends on the DNS-Server used. dig gmx.de ANY with my Telekom-DNS DNS-Servers 217.237.148.102 17.237.151.115 and only gives

;; ANSWER SECTION:
gmx.de.                 65970   IN      DS      26497 8 2 E7A00568AC320816600195F536B6BF2EEB06B0B2728146536FA53B22 45DDA66D
gmx.de.                 65970   IN      RRSIG   DS 8 2 86400 20190812150105 20190805150105 47740 de. iKcp0dWmv1o/p4e31njqplr7noJE98ZEMfzjnSZ3XLqGvtSX8gVTBLVI yId8uMLvN/9NkRfzxELFiO9K3+x95lJnPrE0VpZoaGFpjYNIUOQhq7Xb tvWEXYH8y7XUw+VkSIJa3DQS7P/cNFGJ1/BinKIYtDn46PPNtdxFB+Tp Ee8=

Whereas dig gmx.de MX gives

;; ANSWER SECTION:
gmx.de.                 474     IN      MX      10 mx00.emig.gmx.net.
gmx.de.                 474     IN      MX      10 mx01.emig.gmx.net.

use dig gmx.de ANY @8.8.8.8 to query Google DNS and you get a long list.

;; ANSWER SECTION:
gmx.de.                 23      IN      A       82.165.229.87
gmx.de.                 23      IN      A       82.165.230.36
gmx.de.                 23      IN      RRSIG   A 8 2 30 20190818065308 20190804065308 43065 gmx.de. Uh+KdZt/0mpk1JCjUmLFVHNaNnlv8zNRAc7ME0b9D/ULGHPmO6Ate9nG vFhcBC2c2ktJuqEw5pNieIVMLmkj9v7yzmccK0f1PwGgoW6IkuHxYVuN ExrWBpb0bHubF6xjMi8h3+JUd+kOEQdBX8XRAcVaxE9NTHkgqrFaZXjt NsICB0Hjq+LP7GfYTrRkaKsW9je5X6sfuBDDCtrc7MFJIm94Cm8mwD2d nVxD+1Bye+EXUbUjnaqjmJjXviK1GSaSRqiCcNd8TjBisBRQoKloxam9 NCikIMMEO5fAtAALtogxUtB3Znln0bKj7gTrOH21c5qC8LFyr7eVZoEN X9QXVQ==
gmx.de.                 21593   IN      NS      ns-gmx.ui-dns.de.
gmx.de.                 21593   IN      NS      ns-gmx.ui-dns.biz.
gmx.de.                 21593   IN      NS      ns-gmx.ui-dns.com.
gmx.de.                 21593   IN      NS      ns-gmx.ui-dns.org.
gmx.de.                 21593   IN      RRSIG   NS 8 2 86400 20190818065308 20190804065308 43065 gmx.de. xY3gZxt47huiUseFZsbj4026RqGDZBuUCY9tv2CQmmpGUIH+YQLmQFKV xzZBS9MTnOIr2s4MMUbav7O/IaaCFlXb44gv4lCbjtSABQWF92rVZ1Js 89clPvLN5LUyzwBuEyx9Ew1dVvRGyJhG0icPPa6iFmpQvSLqwEEhck/H jOkFI99rWfM+gQRcYVvONlN5PP2idWOzeJpmg+BeSNDCTvtqFqMd+adS +uqooQarjcu6w3nGcOCnbdp//Ie2oXwXrVDDD3ntgJqktc4ggTaDoBnX Fbq2LXNejmHmM0VhmPRAAHGRyhjaaIVso8rqETz8fHTDNiS1k20mdF62 JyalPQ==
gmx.de.                 21593   IN      SOA     ns-gmx.ui-dns.org. dnsadmin.1und1.de. 2013084217 28800 7200 604800 600
gmx.de.                 21593   IN      RRSIG   SOA 8 2 86400 20190818065308 20190804065308 43065 gmx.de. C4Rhhfennofs0+Si8LyTs9FlMDXzaExKK60jFNvusx8ti06Vj7WPPXm8 +lc69v0AKGXzjnBqdR/Th8cTOC3eTwT/vJvV9k/UVJfN9/e8ASOjKY0P mHbBgH0VRqU1nHYOzVzuJkO2UIrZdMxIZYQ1gXmYK/4L2QL+iGUhTTJX /GKQKxRGi2YzgohpBx7Jtl3kYCcUudSq0zz3t2C7W6K6AKZC4B8cjOZU t+U678I1TRerLAzlaDmP2NbNrBhdG9CpUio4mW50X+59u2H4/NaGZ4Gm +LmeqLa6o88N6hutILfmyBLZGWD+j7mzDTjdXD2dvuIpjrQsHznvL7ZT ltQb4g==
gmx.de.                 893     IN      MX      10 mx00.emig.gmx.net.
gmx.de.                 893     IN      MX      10 mx01.emig.gmx.net.
gmx.de.                 893     IN      RRSIG   MX 8 2 900 20190818065308 20190804065308 43065 gmx.de. g9qdLpwVTbLxaTa3CfSOTEZfUZWEf5RwCjaiquSpTQYgYEe+zDiGtd7I CnCQIgBVJIZUTBsXCbuPdd0qZzmGe8W2z9j/cz3WbQyf9ZIJrxZPDzV/ tnpB3j+GKmHkbuYg9CRw1ILpDBnvw6syV/z03nlH99eXWAee9b7S1Muk fIf6Xwt41hqyAof144jM/6GSaKfe4T1Rgc07i9LneHdt9n/C60Jo4aj9 bJ2Hdg9W1Fnd9aPg8xTt6Q+Ahz4kUR2hQSmwHLZnq36pIhkJkqxV+YPu etFtfERwyVW1eDPmG68tXqo4clBmtIzF0HqgxB0cdn8SgdlXs9lFqTgT 8RK+Rg==
gmx.de.                 293     IN      TXT     "v=spf1 redirect=gmx.net"
gmx.de.                 293     IN      TXT     "google-site-verification=8jV5RCya962H1ur14xR3xWCFUBsExt_YibC3HkuJ9X8"
gmx.de.                 293     IN      TXT     "_telesec-domain-validation=D0B26BF4EFFDD17671E1967D1CC7F1DA06B99F496A3C52F2A7F81E7A70F463FD"
gmx.de.                 293     IN      RRSIG   TXT 8 2 300 20190818065308 20190804065308 43065 gmx.de. tyRidjkmugwBfjjxcZgwXJk9ny/tEUD0unfvDUc0w8L7iG/QgXI5BnvO 0wU7EcwmJLkEyWUDu88KGiFK/HByW6oNpenz+1ZKD1uFKCOXccMClEHQ tbDDOkMmCCLzk17Jnz06oyhAVv50vNChtaCjKTz/+9IQi8LHyIi3KqNO C0doOvaaWjbF+C3Y7HZD7+PNjBXNmnvPjrTpxDsShcrVLYm6n38tNerk nZCD6gtFVnsSNy/zG2Ro+bma5oQMCkRPTUtWeVuIC/VitIYizVVqK3DO eDRyRpTe9HaFXXV0614GgxVjimbgsRXG2BcVz+M7410lIs4hjZkpE2+N YxAwsw==
gmx.de.                 593     IN      DNSKEY  256 3 8 AwEAAexRGtsaOHA3h7MCVG0AACIOr9DBpSNjh2N+kti0GYM448B6fyCS UGjA5VKzUq6szDQ4RDgJamDw/0pCWzFEjfKqD4glnyKzyALpkngznkDa 7I9kJo9gLt9BztCvthaMRHNfgDm2Rchfn8ahaPJXcHXMAPAuJmLYPdyd Pa21etNBCgEgmdLWNrY91FeSD40It1wqaw3i8O6yBgmRMz8JZV7kk3dH 2ocaS6WfgpAj+JzyG6CcPurv7zkq5/FQMOjF9vfNjtOhLAFDrm3fe4nW pcD9Gq864myFWDB1hcVjfRZ0370gjuZ5PxLyqlMVdpbKkkPX8L+p0iiM cHlGSKaoBJs=
gmx.de.                 593     IN      DNSKEY  257 3 8 AwEAAadAbK9K4yEQ6DC0jQMWYZH008gPUmBT7xIHPUIezY2/PGj5VTZy zNzpS+02jxaR86jmSo6d9zfpITwlLX730NwKP80D3Tpqu9W4h7x7/P+A ue8vjiqp148y2Ei/PG8/ePHs8C2QAUDMuKDGzffj/Rtji3rirT2p7/Vj vUByaT2+T9zzsenOyKJdULv6uZDUs5vkYBPRUWOXARKGII5sf2qrAo2P tr8bpynJE7CJHNg+UUGwb9ZpQ6lxBvKiFsPDB6kmYzUglfxpknyjs4bH vFsty1O7m6/cGRP+Vkz1vDhPBzENUvULegmMSQc/pzUNfI/LzzJiEu7R ZxP4Djcop/8=
gmx.de.                 593     IN      RRSIG   DNSKEY 8 2 600 20190818065308 20190804065308 26497 gmx.de. H2/TQzTV+UEQbe9gqM5SIP/BtcoGrhNnkzwB3mVtFJwLfr2xMrv9HQT5 xKSVLLobjIUxoKq29qPKJ6OIzEMZY72Kcrd1xJ91U/e1aVLjxdUa67Wj ZCcsCxBx/xOWiFDmv6+8qxTmoFeHBg7BD92nRJLXqrzO7jHlIFstfvrJ U31YvlxY9e6o4WqSH3VoDHB8rmN52N6EMbGVwzhZRI2PGsaYv5eeibDp zbqAqJ//O+BIhS5jkdvXbV02erLApjzxe8sXTvAZpmgbH+DNmG8DTBZs 2oU3v+rsgFlwxp22d176mwQoVUWYof8xwEYGMgMuMM32nCu/iqsaW428 Fk5YiA==
gmx.de.                 593     IN      NSEC3PARAM 1 0 24 53DB50B23808A4C2
gmx.de.                 593     IN      RRSIG   NSEC3PARAM 8 2 86400 20190818065308 20190804065308 43065 gmx.de. fnR7VcUl37Nw26t+ZmbwHmjLm/znrBjZkPCVRW6ca25FtAUeOAJ3tdVy faPy0KHf87sfD8NVu134tLC4pd2NP5ELkQZM5jEhpVJF55Og6y1pFSFK +6TFPvXbw93SW3ZhTJOHhU9D/suPvvAfyYtQDvzE7WtHN/u/XfGK9F8/ BJzTUACwer+y7fk8xuUjmOa29Y4oH6/g/AZNkOuvsWZ1npH/StHxOAtM EI0g/XTDJ4w5rji8cdGVcBzhNOfUFhaInVLgeFm6PXd9gXtnzbrkC2ha 3vBT3S4wYEM8YEW6H1A8zHcNS6eA1cuCTHfGPaU1dqoZ4ujOIE05C/YQ YgWOfg==
gmx.de.                 21593   IN      CAA     0 issue "Digicert.com"
gmx.de.                 21593   IN      CAA     0 issue "telesec.de"
gmx.de.                 21593   IN      RRSIG   CAA 8 2 86400 20190818065308 20190804065308 43065 gmx.de. TG3BUmiwib0qvBQ127aIAG89SwdD46UuBy0wK1ohOc0xoP36fSh3g30G PUU7OGBCgaCapwzxCON+gGY7xCkD37cZt8ydzBCxFGvWyf0PvObicgrY /DjLuWOOJLJjNv8Ab3mg+vVD0Dki4ZEodrKU9pv8B204afee2OQFFXs7 bfDJrllvqQ8mX8nd6ou5+21+cwldF/uRP/t4GM0qIf1fajZsgmqoHQ8t ARzBWlZix4SlpKoOyvGjjHGnpCTsOWHlWB1UU/SUnmPIGh1dDq/Go+PN z7zT2khWQy2xYJPd4Cg/HHzfBT1CvTg3C25ncj/BEHCcbHnjMNx2vtms OCwyog==

However using QuadNine dig gmx.de ANY @9.9.9.9 we only get

;; ANSWER SECTION:
gmx.de.                 22680   IN      DS      26497 8 2 E7A00568AC320816600195F536B6BF2EEB06B0B2728146536FA53B22 45DDA66D
gmx.de.                 22680   IN      RRSIG   DS 8 2 86400 20190812150105 20190805150105 47740 de. iKcp0dWmv1o/p4e31njqplr7noJE98ZEMfzjnSZ3XLqGvtSX8gVTBLVI yId8uMLvN/9NkRfzxELFiO9K3+x95lJnPrE0VpZoaGFpjYNIUOQhq7Xb tvWEXYH8y7XUw+VkSIJa3DQS7P/cNFGJ1/BinKIYtDn46PPNtdxFB+Tp Ee8=

So try different DNS-Servers to really get all DNS-Records or query for specific records directly.

-5

I ended up using nmap to scan the network.

For example:

nmap -v -sP 192.16.0.0/16
  • 6
    That's a good solution to your problem but not a great answer to the question "List all DNS records in a domain using dig?". You might want to edit your question and change the title. – Josh May 5 '10 at 19:20
  • 18
    nmaping a /16 will generate 256^2 (65536) DNS lookups. I bet your DNS admins love you. – markdrayton May 5 '10 at 19:27
  • 5
    @markdrayton, although the scan will send out 2^16 ping requests (~50Mb of raw data, filtered out by most network interfaces), it will only perform reverse-DNS lookups for the hosts that are online. – Zaz Jun 23 '14 at 19:53

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