I was just curious if I run make on development machine if the make produces an "install" of some type that I can copy to other machines? So that I could just run make install on the other machines after copying the "install"?
It's best to build a package that you can then deploy to your other machines using yum.
It depends entirely on the package. make and autotools are Turing-complete and have full access to the system, so they could be doing literally anything during the build. If you copy from one system to a nearly-identical one, you'll probably be okay -- but short of reviewing Makefile.am/configure.ac/etcetera in their entirety, there's no way to be sure.