59

I often use SCP to copy files around - particularly web-related files. The problem is that whenever I do this, I can't get my command to copy hidden files (eg, .htaccess).

I typically invoke this:

scp -rp src/ user@server:dest/

This doesn't copy hidden files. I don't want to have to invoke this again (by doing something like scp -rp src/.* ... - and that has strange . and .. implications anyway.

I didn't see anything in the scp man page about an "include hidden files".

How can I accomplish this?

  • I assume that src/.* also copies src/.. (the parent directory), right? – Ken Sharp Dec 18 '15 at 13:34
65

That should absolutely match hidden files. The / at the end of the source says "every file under this directory". Nevertheless, testing and research bear you out. This is stupid behavior.

The "answer" is to append a dot to the end of the source:

scp -rp src/. user@server:dest/

The real answer is to use rsync.

  • Nice trick I did not realized this yet. – cstamas Jun 7 '09 at 19:06
  • 20
    rsync -avz -e ssh --progress src/ user@server:dest/ – MikeyB Jun 7 '09 at 23:23
  • 2
    I can't reproduce that behavior. scp -r source/ host:source2 copies dot files. Works in OpenSSH 5.1 from 2007. – Mikel Mar 8 '11 at 20:33
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    Note that adding a . at the end no longer works (2019) due to security issues. This is explained here: superuser.com/questions/1403473/scp-error-unexpected-filename – Stéphane Feb 12 at 21:44
25

You can try rsync. It's better suited for this job:

rsync -av src/ user@server:dest/

(And its manual page is worth reading.)

  • 2
    I always use the --progress option for rsync, I can't live without it =D – Hofa Jun 7 '09 at 21:21
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    @Hofa I usually use -P because it is shorter, already includes --progress and also includes --partial which can make sense if I am already interested in its progress ;-) – cstamas Mar 31 '12 at 10:27
9

Don't put a slash after the source directory. Your code would look like this:

scp -rp src user@server:dest/

This will create a directory 'src' under 'dest' on the remote machine, with all the hidden files included. It's probably not exactly what you want, but it will copy hidden files in src.

3

The following will solve the problem, this has been fully tested on our continuous integration environment

scp -rp src/. user@server:dest/
example scp -rp /usr/src/code/. content001@172.11.11.11:/usr/dest/code/

Hope it helps

  • After updating scp recently, this now results in scp: error: unexpected filename: . . Make sure to test whether it works with your distribution, fellow Googler :) – Mo Friedrich Feb 11 at 11:39
1

To copy only hidden files, Use this command

scp -rp /path_to_copy_hidden/.[!.]* user@host:/path_to_paste/

Actual game is the /.[!.]* tag that is referring to files starting with .(hidden)

0

None of the above scp solutions worked for me. However, I did find that the following worked on cygwin: scp -r directory/* host:directory The '*' matched all visible files and skipped the invisible.

0

If password login is disabled on the remote machine, and the only way to login is via public key, then you can use this:

$ rsync -av -s 'ssh -i /path/to/your/private/SSH/key' --progress user1@remote.host:/remote/source/directory/ /local/destination/directory/

It copies hidden files too.

Also please note that "user1" must have the permissions to read those files, for example you can't copy other user's ssh folders with this method.

0

As scp supports regular expressions, this will nicely do the trick for you:

scp -rp src/(*|.*) user@server:dest/

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