NFS is built on top of RPC authentication. With NFS version 3, the most common authentication mechanism is AUTH_UNIX. The user id and group id of the client system are sent in each RPC call, and the permissions these IDs have on the file being accessed are checked on the server. For this to work, the UID and GIDs must be the same on the server and the clients. However, you can force all access to occur as a single user and group by combining the all_squash, anonuid, and anongid export options. all_squash will map all UIDs and GIDs to the anonymous user, and anonuid and anongid set the UID and GID of the anonymous user. For example, if your UID and GID on your dev server are both 1001, you could export your home directory with a line like
I'm less familiar with NFS version 4, but I think you can set up rpc.idmapd on the clients to alter the uid and gid they send to the server.