I want to make a list of utilities that come in handy in Gentoo? What tools and commands do you use and consider helpful in administration of a Gentoo system/server?
dispatch-conf for handling modified configuration files.
eix-test-obsoletewas mentioned here, apart from
eixitself, I thought I'd write a recommendation. This is the only way I sync my portage nowadays: It performs a sync, updates the
eixdatabase and prints out a diff all in one go. I recommend invoking it as
eix-sync -C '-q', which suppresses the typically verbose output of
app-portage/eix, of course :)
q, together with its plugins such as
Very useful set of portage-related functions, that can give similar information to
equeryand more. Part of
A part of the core
sys-apps/portage. Very helpful for building a tarball from an installed package if you want to temporarily downgrade/upgrade it for testing purposes. You get back to the packaged version using the
-K(capital "K") switch to
emerge. Tip: use
quickpackage --include-config=yto include current configuration files in the package.
Lets you save the current list of installed packages in case you'd later want to revert. Kind of a "system checkpointing" tool.
- Utility for cleaning distfiles and binary packages.
- Usage example: eclean distfiles
- Usage example output: Cleans out the files in /usr/portage/distfiles. Pretty handy.
eix includes some neat obsolete checks like
eix-test-obsolete which checks for bad entries in the /etc/portage/package.* files.
portage-utils suite with the
q tool and it's many aliases. It gives you much information on things like which files are in a package, what use flags are used, their descriptions and much more. Quite indispensible.
For configuration file updating, my tool of choice is dispatch-conf, which is part of the standard portage install and saves a lot of work updating unchanged config files compared to etc-update.