Currently I can only copy a single
.tar file. But how can I copy directories recursively with
While the previous answers are technically correct, you should also consider using
rsync compares the data on the sending and receiving sides with a diff mechanism so it doesn't have to resend data that was already previously sent.
If you are going to copy something to a remote machine more than once, use
rsync. Actually, it's good to use
rsync every time because it has more controls for things like copying file permissions and ownership and excluding certain files or directories. In general:
$ rsync -av /local/dir/ server:/remote/dir/
will synchronize a local directory with a remote directory. If you run it a second time and the contents of the local directory haven't changed, no data will be transferred - much more efficient than running
scp and copying everything every time.
rsync allows you to recover from interrupted transfers very easily, unlike
Finally, modern versions of
rsync by default run over ssh, so if
scp is already working,
rsync should pretty much be a drop-in replacement.
That is what the
-r option is for. :)
See the scp man page for more info if needed.
The best way is to use rsync over SSH
rsync -a -essh /source/ user@dest-server:/dest/ rsync -a -essh user@source-server:/source/ /dest/
My favorites options are -Pazvessh --delete :
- -a : archive mode (include a lot of default common options, including preserving symlinks)
- -z : compress
- -v : verbose : show files
- -P : show progess as files done/remaining files
- -e ssh : do rsync in ssh protocol
- --delete : delete files in the destination that are not anymore in the source
After looking for the recursive copy flag, and successfully used it thanks to this post, I would like to post just a suggestion.
If the case is that you are copying (recursively) a directory. Maybe if the files are sent compressed you could save time in the transfer
What I did in the end was:
local$ tar -czvf local.tar.gz directory/ local$ scp local.tar.gz user@remote:/directory ssh user@remote remote$ tar -xzvf local.tar.gz
Hope this helps
You can recursively copy a directory into a compressed archive with this simple command:
ssh -p 22 [email protected] 'cd /parent/directory && tar zcvf - directory_to_copy' > /destination/on/your/machine/archive_name.tgz
For example, to copy contents of
~/logs.tgz you run:
ssh -p 22 [email protected] 'cd /var && tar zcvf - log' > ~/logs.tgz
You can also extract files on target system by using pipes. This command will copy contents of
~/destination/log on your system:
ssh -p 22 [email protected] 'cd /var && tar zcvf - log' | tar xzf - -C ~/destination
Though to mirror a directory, you probably should use
If you prefer to pass the user's password as a parameter rather than inputting it interactively, you can use
sudo apt-get install -y sshpass).
sshpass -p 'remote_password' scp -rp /src/folder [email protected]:/dest/folder
You can use -r option with scp command to copy directories recursively on any system. If you need anything else refer scp command tutorial. -r option stands for recursive operation in most of the Linux commands.