I'm making a website, and I need a sub-domain.
I need to add the new part to my website, but I don't know which type of DNS record to add in the DNS console to point to this new site.
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It depends on whether you want to delegate hosting the subdomain off to a different DNS server (or to the same server, but in a different zone file). You delegate a zone when you want some other entity to control it, such as a different IT department or organization.
If you do, then you need NS records. If not, A or CNAME records will suffice.
Let's say you have the domain example.com. You have an A record for www.example.com and you want to create the subdomain info.example.com with www.info.example.com as a host in it.
In the this situation, let's further say you have two DNS servers that will be hosting that subdomain. (They could be the same servers that are currently hosting example.com.) In this case, you will create two NS entries in the example.com zone file:
info IN NS 192.168.2.2 info IN NS 192.168.2.3
On those two servers, you will create the info.example.com zone and populate it as you would any other domain.
www IN A 192.168.2.6
Here, just add an A record in the example.com zone file, using a dot to indicate that you want to create the
www.info host in the
www.info IN A 192.168.2.6
The decision of whether to use a CNAME is independent of the delegation choice. I generally like to use a CNAME for the "generic" names which point to specific machine names. For example, I might name my machines using an organizational naming convention such as cartoon characters (daffy, elmer, mickey, etc.) or something bureaucratic (sc01p6-serv) and point the generic names to them. If the IP address of the machine ever changes, I need look in only one place to modify it.
www IN CNAME sc01p6-serv mail IN CNAME sc01p6-serv sc01p6-serv IN A 192.168.2.6
To delegate the entire subdomain to another DNS service, you need the following records in your hosts DNS:
NS) records pointing to the authoritative name servers for your sub-domain
A) records for the sub-domain name servers
And you need to provide a pair of DNS name servers for your sub-domain. They need to serve the following records:
SOArecord for the sub-domain
Arecords for the sub-domain name servers
RFC1034 contains a good description of how sub-domains are configured.