41

I have a Fedora server running Jenkins which I install via yum. Everything is okay, I can access it with http://ci.mydomain.com.

But now, I want to access it with https://ci.mydomain.com so the login with username and password is encrypted.

How can I do this?

The following is my /etc/sysconfig/jenkins file. Starting Jenkins works, but I can not access Jenkins with the webbrowser with https://ci.mydomain.com or http://ci.mydomain.com:443, ...

## Path:        Development/Jenkins
## Description: Configuration for the Jenkins continuous build server
## Type:        string
## Default:     "/var/lib/jenkins"
## ServiceRestart: jenkins
#
# Directory where Jenkins store its configuration and working
# files (checkouts, build reports, artifacts, ...).
#
JENKINS_HOME="/var/lib/jenkins"

## Type:        string
## Default:     ""
## ServiceRestart: jenkins
#
# Java executable to run Jenkins
# When left empty, we'll try to find the suitable Java.
#
JENKINS_JAVA_CMD=""

## Type:        string
## Default:     "jenkins"
## ServiceRestart: jenkins
#
# Unix user account that runs the Jenkins daemon
# Be careful when you change this, as you need to update
# permissions of $JENKINS_HOME and /var/log/jenkins.
#
JENKINS_USER="jenkins"

## Type:        string
## Default:     "-Djava.awt.headless=true"
## ServiceRestart: jenkins
#
# Options to pass to java when running Jenkins.
#
JENKINS_JAVA_OPTIONS="-Djava.awt.headless=true"

## Type:        integer(0:65535)
## Default:     8080
## ServiceRestart: jenkins
#
# Port Jenkins is listening on.
#
JENKINS_PORT="8080"

## Type:        integer(1:9)
## Default:     5
## ServiceRestart: jenkins
#
# Debug level for logs -- the higher the value, the more verbose.
# 5 is INFO.
#
JENKINS_DEBUG_LEVEL="5"

## Type:        yesno
## Default:     no
## ServiceRestart: jenkins
#
# Whether to enable access logging or not.
#
JENKINS_ENABLE_ACCESS_LOG="no"

## Type:        integer
## Default:     100
## ServiceRestart: jenkins
#
# Maximum number of HTTP worker threads.
#
JENKINS_HANDLER_MAX="100"

## Type:        integer
## Default:     20
## ServiceRestart: jenkins
#
# Maximum number of idle HTTP worker threads.
#
JENKINS_HANDLER_IDLE="20"

## Type:        string
## Default:     ""
## ServiceRestart: jenkins
#
# Pass arbitrary arguments to Jenkins.
# Full option list: java -jar jenkins.war --help
#
JENKINS_ARGS="--httpsPort=443 --httpsKeyStore=/root/.keystore --httpsKeyStorePassword=MYPASSWORD"
1
  • you can use authbind to use any port below 1000 and still run jenkins as non-root.
    – user262227
    Commented Jan 3, 2015 at 18:04

4 Answers 4

17

This page should help you set it up behind Apache (which would handle HTTPS): https://wiki.eclipse.org/Hudson-ci/Running_Hudson_behind_Apache

Apart from being a "normal" reverse-proxy, you'll need this (as shown on that page):

Header edit Location ^http://www.example.com/hudson/ https://www.example.com/hudson/
20
  • 2
    Thanks for the reply. I do not have Apache up and running, I only have the Linux server with Jenkins.
    – Tim
    Commented Jun 7, 2011 at 13:32
  • 3
    In this case, create a keystore with your certificate and use httpsPort (and related parameters): groups.google.com/group/jenkinsci-users/browse_thread/thread/…
    – Bruno
    Commented Jun 7, 2011 at 13:40
  • Okay, I have my own certificate added into the keystore. But what should I call now? Where should I do this? In any case: if I put only --httpsPort=8443 or i put --httpsKeyStore=/ path/to/keystore --httpsKeyStorePassword=myPassowrd in my HUDSON_ARGS?
    – Tim
    Commented Jun 7, 2011 at 14:22
  • Put all the required parameters (port, store location and password). Then, start Jenkins and point your browser to http://yourhostname:8443/.
    – Bruno
    Commented Jun 7, 2011 at 14:25
  • 1
    @Umesh.ABhat It should be fixed now.
    – Bruno
    Commented Apr 25, 2018 at 16:47
21

Just in case you're using Nginx and not Apache, you might want to use proxy_redirect http:// https://; to rewrite the Location header as the response comes back from Jenkins.

A complete nginx setup where SSL is terminated with Nginx and proxied internally to Jenkins using 8080 might look like this:

upstream jenkins {
  server 127.0.0.1:8080 fail_timeout=0;
}

server {
  listen 80 default;
  server_name 127.0.0.1 *.mydomain.com;
  rewrite ^ https://$server_name$request_uri? permanent;
}

server {
  listen 443 default ssl;
  server_name 127.0.0.1 *.mydomain.com;

  ssl_certificate           /etc/ssl/certs/my.crt;
  ssl_certificate_key       /etc/ssl/private/my.key;

  ssl_session_timeout  5m;
  ssl_protocols  SSLv3 TLSv1;
  ssl_ciphers HIGH:!ADH:!MD5;
  ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

  # auth_basic            "Restricted";
  # auth_basic_user_file  /home/jenkins/htpasswd;

  location / {
    proxy_set_header Host $http_host;
    proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto https;
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
    proxy_redirect http:// https://;

    add_header Pragma "no-cache";

    proxy_pass http://jenkins;
  }
}
15

Note that (as of sometime?) Jenkins can generate the key for you, all you need to do is set the --httpsPort=(portnum) parameter in JENKINS_ARGS.

In my case I set JENKINS_PORT="-1" (disable http) and set --httpsPort=8080 which worked well for my own purposes.

Just note that any port below 1000 generally requires root access, so pick a port higher than that...

(Link for more info)

4
10

For an Ubuntu server (assuming you installed with apt-get install jenkins):

You'll want to edit /etc/default/jenkins at the bottom of the file, edit Jenkins_args. In my args, I've disabled http access (using -1) and put SSL on the default Jenkins port (8080). The most important part here is that you sent an httpsPort and certificate/key (if you have one, otherwise you can leave those off for the self generated one). I place the crts in apache and then use them for both, but you could put them anywhere.

JENKINS_ARGS="--webroot=/var/cache/jenkins/war --httpsPort=$HTTP_PORT --httpPort=-1 --httpsCertificate=/etc/apache2/ssl.crt/CERT.crt --httpsPrivateKey=/etc/apache2/ssl.key/KEY.key --ajp13Port=$AJP_PORT"

In some cases, you'll have to use a Java Key Store. First, convert your keys:

openssl pkcs12 -inkey /var/lib/jenkins/jenkins.key.pem -in /var/lib/jenkins/jenkins.crt.pem  -export -out keys.pkcs12

keytool -importkeystore -srckeystore keys.pkcs12 -srcstoretype pkcs12 -destkeystore jenkins.jks

Now use Jenkins args like

JENKINS_ARGS="--webroot=/var/cache/$NAME/war --httpsPort=$HTTP_PORT --httpPort=-1 --httpsKeyStore=/etc/apache2/ssl.crt/jenkins.jks --httpsKeyStorePassword=thePassword --ajp13Port=$AJP_PORT"

Also, see https://serverfault.com/a/569898/300544

1
  • 1
    Ensure that the export password you supply to openssl matches the "source keystore password" requested by keytool. Further, the password cannot be blank.
    – bishop
    Commented Jul 28, 2017 at 15:28

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