Do any of you out there do contract sys admin work where you are contracted to do network administration for small businesses who do not have a full time IT person? If so - how do you charge for that and what is the going rate?
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I've done some contract sysadmin work for a few small businesses in the past. There are a couple of ways to go. Charge per job, and charge per hour. I lean towards the charge per hour, typically to avoid scope creep. (eg. the business adding more items to the todo list into the same "job") This can be avoided with a good Statement of Work defined up front.
For the hourly rate: The rate you charge is really a combination of a few things; location, the business itself, scope of work and experience.
Location and Type of Business - Obviously you can get a higher rate in NYC than in the middle of Vermont. Same goes for the type of business. Some smaller businesses just aren't able to pay more.
Scope of Work - I generally charge less for a business that wants me to come in every few weeks/months for routine maintenance. The business that wants a "fix everything one time" solution will get charged a bit more. Higher complexity jobs command a higher hourly rate.
Experience - If you would like to take only the more interesting, higher complexity jobs, I'd recommend setting a fairly high minimum rate. This will eliminate the businesses looking to lowball you, and also the "Can you install my printer?"-type jobs.
My recommendation if you decide to choose the hourly rate path - always charge more than you initially think. If you think $60/hour is a fair rate, charge $100/hour. It's always easy to negotiate down if you need to, much harder to negotiate up.
Yep-- this is exactly what my business does, and is how I make my living.
I won't talk about our rates here, but I would advise you to always have a contract in writing before you do any work. Even if the contract just says "to work on the following specific items..." for incidental work, you need a written agreement that explains the arrangements clearly for all parties involved.
I'll throw my support behind the "start at $100.00 / hr" crowd, too. Your rate is dictated by the type of work, your experience and qualifications, and the duration / quantity of time involved. I've dropped my per-hour rate significantly for one Customer, for example, who wanted our people on-site 8 x 5 Monday - Friday with emergency after-hours support for a committed 3 month contract. OTOH, the rate gets significantly higher if you want me to drop everything and respond to an unscheduled emergency.
Here are some "business things" that have worked for us (our business turns 5 y/o on June 30):
We have always done hourly billing (and absolutely do NOT resell hardware or other goods). I wouldn't sign-up for a contract that didn't have a specified hourly rate, as a Customer of another industry (lawyer, accountant, etc), so I wouldn't ask my Customers to do the same. We don't bill for work we don't do (i.e. "flat monthly rates"). If we're not working, we're not billing. Perhaps we make less money than other companies, but I go to sleep at night with a clear conscience.
We don't "lock in" our Customers in long term contracts. We have enough confidence in our ability and value that we believe our Customers will stay with us because we're better than the alternatives, not because we have them "locked in". I wouldn't sign a "lock in" contract with another professional, so I won't ask my Customers to do the same.
We have no employees. Everyone in the company is an owner and a partner, and has "skin in the game". When I worked for another company as an employee I found that other employees often didn't have the commitment that I did. As an owner of a company now, I recognize that using employees or subcontractors could make me more money, but it could also bankrupt me if my employees create enough problem situations for me (and lose my Customers).
We decided on "services only" because I've seen too many situations, working for other companies who were "resellers", where Customers go long past-due on invoices, effectively using your company as a lending institution. As a small business, I dare you to try and charge your Customers finance charges. It doesn't work. Instead, your cash flow goes to hell and you end up out of business. We don't have that problem with "services only".
There are a few options that I've employed:
- Straight hourly charge (I often use this for the more infrequent customers)
- By project. This requires an estimate of work and a quote to the customer
- Work bundles (5 hrs for $X.XX, 10 hrs for $X.XX, I often use this for more steady, but not all-out regular)
- Retainer. $X.XX/week/month/whatever paid up front then $X.XX/hour/day of work over the base time paid either as you work or upon a set interval of time
I think your going rate is going to be a bit market dependent. For hourly charges I've seen it anywhere from $60-$250/hour around here (Detroit, MI metro area) based on type of work and experience level of the contractor / consultant.
EDIT: I'll go along with MathewC's starting point of $100/hour.
Personally I shy away from this work, or I work in trade.
Going rate in the data centers I've worked in is $80-$150 an hour depending on the kind of work or the contract (buy more hours up front etc.)
I would start at $100 and negotiate if needed for freelance.
You should ask yourself, "What I am worth?" and "What will the (local) market bear?"
Maybe call around to other freelance SA in your area and ask for estimates.
Hi! My computer's broken, how much would you charge per-hour to come and take a look? I don't know anything about computers ...
Also take a look at the price lists for
No matter what you think of these two companies, they have put a lot of work into their marketing and pricing systems.
First of all: $100/hour is a good starting point.
Second of all: It would benefit all SysAdmins if we all used that $100/hour figure wherever possible.
Within your company, use it as a ballpark that you'd have to pay if you need help with a specific project or a generally high workload. If you hire an experienced SysAdmin on a contract basis, don't try to lowball, pay at least $100/hour. Pay more if you find someone good. 5 years ago we were paying a guy $100 who was experienced and easy to work with, today I'd expect to pay him more. When someone with a business who's looking for help asks me what they should pay, I say "at least $100/hour for someone with good experience, more if you want someone like me." It's not bragging, it's realistic.