I am looking to setup a TXT spf record that has 2 included domains... individually:

v=spf1 include:_spf.google.com ~all


v=spf1 include:otherdomain.com ~all

What is the proper way of combining them into a single item?


v=spf1 include:_spf.google.com include:otherdomain.com ~all

There's no restriction against including multiple names in a single entry; Hotmail, for instance, takes this to extremes. Note that multiple includes, or nested ones, need to stay under the limit of 10 total DNS lookups for the whole SPF check.

  • 10
    RFC 4408 §10.1: SPF implementations MUST limit the number of mechanisms and modifiers that do DNS lookups to at most 10 per SPF check, including any lookups caused by the use of the "include" mechanism or the "redirect" modifier. Feb 26 '14 at 10:48
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    @mr.spuratic Good point - that was poor wording, as I was trying to say "you can do greater than one." Edited. Feb 26 '14 at 17:49
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    Do you have to use the word include each time? Would this be a valid format? (minus the fake domain and internal address space) "v=spf1 include:www.domain.com ip4: ip4: a -all" I checked it against kitterman.com/spf/validate.html and it said it was valid.
    – k1DBLITZ
    Feb 3 '15 at 18:20
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    @k1DBLITZ Yes, that's valid - include is just for when you're using records from another domain. Feb 3 '15 at 18:21
  • can anyone tell me what this ?all mean, sometimes they have this sign ~all
    – Tanvir
    Apr 18 '18 at 12:15

It look like you can merge both together into one entry. Lenovo.com appears to be an example of this:

v=spf1 include:spf.messagelabs.com include:_netblocks.eloqua.com ~all
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    Their current SPF record is "v=spf1 include:spf.messagelabs.com ~all v=spf1 mx/24 mx:include:ibm.com/24 ~all" Can you explain what you mean?
    – flickerfly
    Mar 7 '14 at 20:12
  • Perform a "nslookup -type=txt lenovo.com" (without the quotes) and it should be self-explanatory.
    – user48838
    Mar 10 '14 at 6:09
  • It's as the OP was looking for in a - "spf record that has 2 included domains..."
    – user48838
    Mar 10 '14 at 6:17
  • 1
    Okay, I thought you meant one include statement like "include:spf.messagelabs.com,include:ibm.com"
    – flickerfly
    Mar 10 '14 at 12:10

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