I find too many incorrect checksum errors from a TCPDUMP done on a GNU Linux 64bit server. There are close to 50% incorrect chekcsums in the export?

cksum 0xe61f (incorrect (-> 0x8c37)

How can we interpret this data? Does it affect performance a lot?

  • 7
    Use tcpdump --dont-verify-checksums to ignore these.
    – Willem
    Jun 30, 2014 at 10:58

1 Answer 1


You see the "incorrect" checksums due to a feature called TCP checksum offloading. The checksum fields for outgoing TCP packets are not pre-calculated by the operating system but instead set to 0 and left for calculation by the NIC processor. The Wireshark FAQ has a more detailed explanation.

  • I saw that but it was specific to "If the packets that have incorrect TCP checksums are all being sent by the machine on which Wireshark is running" and it was not clear how too many legitimate checksum fails would impact network performance.
    – Vishal
    Jul 8, 2011 at 22:48
  • 7
    You should only see incorrect checksums on packets sent by your machine. This is not specific to Wireshark, any packet capture software working at this level will produce similar results. If you see checksum fails on received packets, there might be a problem indeed - these packets are discarded by the TCP stack and trigger a retransmission as well as congestion control algorithms - which will have a direct impact on data throughput.
    – the-wabbit
    Jul 8, 2011 at 23:02
  • The checksum errors were only on the sent packets. Thanks!
    – Vishal
    Jul 8, 2011 at 23:34
  • I see incorrect checksums on large incoming SMB packets that need to be re-assembled. tcpdump prints a first packet with "incorrect checksum" along with the comment "WARNING: Packet is continued in later TCP segments". Then there are few more with "incorrect checksum" followed by a comment ""SMB-over-TCP packet:(raw data or continuation?)". I suppose the checksum in the first packet of the set will be correct if all the subsequent packets (which actually have no checksum at the place where tcpdump is grabbing the checksum value) have been reassembled into their whole ≤ 64KiB whole. Jan 8, 2016 at 16:52
  • Is it always set to 0? I'm seeing some (only outbound) that are not zero.
    – rrauenza
    Nov 30, 2022 at 0:36

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