I have a couple of CentOS 5.3 systems and I have the same problem on all of those systems. When I send an email to 'root' (without specifying a domain) the email is rejected by the email provider. The funny thing is that the email I get back from my mail system is sent to effectively the same user and that email I do get.

This makes that both emails from my cron and asterisk are first rejected and then I get them as an attachment in the mail from my mailerdeamon.

As far as I can tell this is because of the 'From' that is classified as 'Does not exist'. I do not understand how the 'firewall.basjes.nl' hostname (= the system hooked to my cable modem) gets into the email verification.

My question is: What generic setting must I change to make this work for all programms (not just cron and asterisk) in one go?

I've placed as much relevant info below.

(I replaced all @ with #$# to avoid additional spam)


  • My ISP is Ziggo and must relay via their outgoging smtp relay.
  • My mail is hosted via google apps.
  • I have a local /root/.forward that contains LogFilesHobby#$#basjes.nl

Command to create this email:

# mail -s TEST root


Relevant section of /var/log/maillog

Jun 22 09:54:51 hobby sendmail[3055]: n5M7sooT003055: from=root, size=35, class=0, nrcpts=1, msgid=<200906220754.n5M7sooT003055#$#hobby.basjes.nl>, relay=root#$#localhost
Jun 22 09:54:51 hobby sendmail[3056]: n5M7spZh003056: from=<root#$#hobby.basjes.nl>, size=317, class=0, nrcpts=1, msgid=<200906220754.n5M7sooT003055#$#hobby.basjes.nl>, proto=ESMTP, daemon=MTA, relay=hobby.basjes.nl []
Jun 22 09:54:51 hobby sendmail[3055]: n5M7sooT003055: to=root, ctladdr=root (0/0), delay=00:00:01, xdelay=00:00:00, mailer=relay, pri=30035, relay=[] [], dsn=2.0.0, stat=Sent (n5M7spZh003056 Message accepted for delivery)
Jun 22 09:54:54 hobby sendmail[3057]: n5M7spZh003056: to=LogFilesHobby#$#basjes.nl, ctladdr=<root#$#hobby.basjes.nl> (0/0), delay=00:00:03, xdelay=00:00:03, mailer=relay, pri=30530, relay=smtp.ziggo.nl [], dsn=5.0.0, stat=Service unavailable
Jun 22 09:54:54 hobby sendmail[3057]: n5M7spZh003056: n5M7ssZh003057: DSN: Service unavailable
Jun 22 09:54:54 hobby sendmail[3057]: n5M7ssZh003057: to=LogFilesHobby#$#basjes.nl, delay=00:00:00, xdelay=00:00:00, mailer=relay, pri=31554, relay=smtp.ziggo.nl, dsn=2.0.0, stat=Sent (OK id=1MIeMf-0002Z6-UP)

The reply email I received:

The original message was received at Mon, 22 Jun 2009 09:54:51 +0200
from hobby.basjes.nl []

  ----- The following addresses had permanent fatal errors -----
   (reason: 550-Verification failed for <root#$#firewall.basjes.nl>)
   (expanded from: <root#$#hobby.basjes.nl>)

  ----- Transcript of session follows -----
... while talking to smtp.ziggo.nl:
>>> MAIL From:<root#$#hobby.basjes.nl> SIZE=530
<<< 550-Verification failed for <root#$#firewall.basjes.nl>
<<< 550-Called:
<<< 550-Sent:     RCPT TO:<root#$#firewall.basjes.nl>
<<< 550-Response: 550-5.1.1 The email account that you tried to reach does not exist. Please try
<<< 550-550-5.1.1 double-checking the recipient's email address for typos or
<<< 550-550-5.1.1 unnecessary spaces. Learn more at
<<< 550-550 5.1.1 http://mail.google.com/support/bin/answer.py?answer=6596 27si11493246ewy.99
<<< 550 B002 Sender e-mail address invalid / Afzender e-mail adres bestaat niet
554 5.0.0 Service unavailable

Final-Recipient: RFC822; root#$#hobby.basjes.nl
X-Actual-Recipient: RFC822; LogFilesHobby#$#basjes.nl
Action: failed
Status: 5.0.0
Diagnostic-Code: SMTP; 550-Verification failed for <root#$#firewall.basjes.nl>
Last-Attempt-Date: Mon, 22 Jun 2009 09:54:54 +0200

---------- Doorgestuurd bericht ----------
From: root <root#$#hobby.basjes.nl>
To: root#$#hobby.basjes.nl
Date: Mon, 22 Jun 2009 09:54:50 +0200
Subject: TEST

[root@hobby /etc/mail]# cat sendmail.mc | grep -v '^dnl '

VERSIONID(`setup for linux')dnl
define(`SMART_HOST', `smtp.ziggo.nl')dnl
define(`confDEF_USER_ID', ``8:12'')dnl
define(`confTO_CONNECT', `1m')dnl
define(`confTRY_NULL_MX_LIST', `True')dnl
define(`confDONT_PROBE_INTERFACES', `True')dnl
define(`PROCMAIL_MAILER_PATH', `/usr/bin/procmail')dnl
define(`ALIAS_FILE', `/etc/aliases')dnl
define(`STATUS_FILE', `/var/log/mail/statistics')dnl
define(`UUCP_MAILER_MAX', `2000000')dnl
define(`confUSERDB_SPEC', `/etc/mail/userdb.db')dnl
define(`confPRIVACY_FLAGS', `authwarnings,novrfy,noexpn,restrictqrun')dnl
define(`confAUTH_OPTIONS', `A')dnl
define(`confTO_IDENT', `0')dnl
FEATURE(`no_default_msa', `dnl')dnl
FEATURE(`smrsh', `/usr/sbin/smrsh')dnl
FEATURE(`mailertable', `hash -o /etc/mail/mailertable.db')dnl
FEATURE(`virtusertable', `hash -o /etc/mail/virtusertable.db')dnl
FEATURE(local_procmail, `', `procmail -t -Y -a $h -d $u')dnl
FEATURE(`access_db', `hash -T<TMPF> -o /etc/mail/access.db')dnl
DAEMON_OPTIONS(`Port=smtp,Addr=, Name=MTA')dnl

I found the real cause of the problem.

This setting makes all users to be mapped to the domain I specified with


EXCEPT the ones specified with


Because all cron jobs and such run under root they all retain the full hostname en run into the checks at the email provider. They probably have these checks to reduce the spam load.

Solution: Remove the EXPOSED_USER(`root')dnl

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