How do I measure IOPS of a running Linux server? I know that the theoretical IOPS of a SATA drive is around 90 and enterprise 10k SAS/FC disk is 180. I want to know how much my running system is using currently?

Currently I am using iotop and iostat. But both utilities do not give the IOPS number.

btw, this question is not a duplicate of this. I am not looking for benchmarking my storage system, but figure out how much IOPS is being used by my current system.

3 Answers 3


Uhm... iostat on my system shows the IOPS:

Device:            tps   Blk_read/s   Blk_wrtn/s   Blk_read   Blk_wrtn
sda               1.00        64.00         0.00         64          0

Might want to look at upgrading.

  • Thanks for your answer, What is the difference between tps and IOPs? Are they same?
    – Rajkumar S
    Aug 4, 2011 at 9:23
  • 5
    They are the same thing.
    – womble
    Aug 4, 2011 at 9:26

Install sysstat package if you don't have it already and then use command sar -d 1. Watch the tps column. It gives you at least the ballpark figure.

But remember that actual maximum number of IOPS varies heavily depending on your server workload. A server with lots of sequential access might get more IOPS than a one doing lots of random access.


Look at nmon as an option for a nicer presentation of the same data.


  • page no longer exists
    – AstraSerg
    Jul 19, 2018 at 8:54
  • This is HUGE. Immediately showed me disk read is maxed out at 100%. Time to provision more IOPS... thank you! For ubuntu, it's as easy as sudo apt install nmon.
    – colllin
    Oct 24, 2018 at 14:58
  • @colllin These days, you may want to use Netdata instead.
    – ewwhite
    Oct 24, 2018 at 17:30

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