I have two site hosted as subdomains.

One of the site use subdomains as aliases for dynamic images requests.

sub1.example.com -> same as site1
sub2.example.com -> same as site1
sub3.example.com -> same as site1

Dynamic images are requested by subX.example.com/images.php?.

In the htaccess I want to:

  • limit access to site1 and site2 (same user and password)
  • have no authentication prompt on subXs
  • redirect everything to images.php for subXs requests

Limitations: I don't have access to httpd.conf so no directory block

I tested SetEnv, SetEnvIf, IfDefine with no success.

  • Are you saying that requests for: sub1.example.com/images.php? should be rewritten as site1.example.com/images.php? – Marco Bizzarri Aug 8 '11 at 16:02
  • No, for example sub1.example.com/index.php should be rewrittent as site1.example.com/images.php. A simple rewritte rule can do that (everything not images.php -> images.php) with a cond on the host. – GMO Aug 8 '11 at 18:53

To handle the first 2 items, you need to use the SetEnvIf along with a Satisfy, something like this:

SetEnvIf Host site1.example.com need_auth
SetEnvIf Host site2.example.com need_auth

Order allow,deny

# setup whatever auth stuff you need here
AuthName "Private"
AuthType Basic
AuthBasicProvider file
AuthUserFile /etc/apache2/pwd

# here's where you actually check the credentials and env
Require valid-user
Allow from env=!need_auth
Satisfy Any

To do the redirect, you can use mod_rewrite. I'm not exactly sure what you mean, but if you want everything redirected to images.php, you can do something like:

RewriteCond %{ENV:need_auth} ^.*$
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://site1.example.com/images.php [R]

It would probably be a lot easier if you added a RedirectMatch in the vhost file for the subX.example.com domains. The .htaccess file is designed to be per-directory based configuration, and not host-based. It's not really designed to do the things you're asking.

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  • I don't have access to the vhost too :( – GMO Aug 8 '11 at 18:56
  • I will test your solution, seems ok on paper ;) – GMO Aug 8 '11 at 18:57
  • Not ok. The satisfy any cancel the authentication prompt all the time. It seems the Allow from env=!need_auth does not work too. I tweaked it in every way i can think of, without luck. – GMO Aug 9 '11 at 7:54

I found a solution. It merit an A+ in weirdness.

In the root .htaccess :

AuthUserFile /var/www/.htpasswd # will be inherited by children directories .htaccess

An in site1 directory .htaccess :

SetEnvIf host ^s[0-9]+\. sub # Detect if the host target a subdomain for images

AuthName "Restricted Area"
AuthType Basic

Order Deny,Allow
Require valid-user

# Access to anything except image.php is forbidden on subdomains for images
<FilesMatch .*>
    Deny from env=sub

# Access to image.php does not required authentication in subdomains for images
<Files image.php>
    Allow from env=sub
    Satisfy any

And in site2 directory .htaccess :

AuthName "Restricted Area"
AuthType Basic

Order Deny,Allow
Require valid-user
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