12

I know that pacman -Su upgrades all packages. But how can I get just the list of packages that need upgrading?

13

Looking at the man page something like

pacman -Sy

to sync the database up to the latest version followed by

pacman -Qu

to

-u, --upgrades

Restrict or filter output to packages that are out of date on the

local system. (Only package versions are used to find outdated packages, replacements are not checked here.) This option works best if the sync database is refreshed using -Sy.


Please note that syncing the package list like this will leave you in a situation where you should not install or upgrade single packages, until you have performed the next full update.

In general you should not upgrade individual packages, because partial upgrades are not supported in Arch or Manjaro. If you see a package that needs upgrading, you should really run pacman -Syu to upgrade all the packages at once.

While installing or upgrading a single package might work sometimes, there is a danger that it will upgrade a library it depends on, and that library upgrade could cause another package to break.

6
  • 2
    DANGER: The documentation says "never run pacman -Sy" (source: wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/…)
    – blippy
    May 3 '16 at 14:34
  • 2
    @blippy That document didn't exist when this answer was written, it's earliest revision is some monhs later. Furthermore, the statement to which you refer was not added to the document until (Oct 23 2015)[wiki.archlinux.org/…) over 4 years later. Rather than being so melodramatic you should have just edited the answer and referenced the document as the reason for your change request Also note that even now the man page makes no such warnings.
    – user9517
    May 3 '16 at 17:05
  • 4
    just want to clarify too - the reason for not running pacman -Sy is to avoid installing packages from different package database updates. e.g. pacman -S <something> may give you a different package and dependencies than pacman -Sy && pacman -S <something>. From their documentation however, it seems pacman -Sy && pacman -Qu is the correct answer to OP's question. Just make sure you eventually run pacman -Su prior to installing any packages.
    – aaaaaa
    Mar 6 '18 at 19:22
  • 1
    I just want to clarify that the article is not saying pacman -Sy in-and-of-itself is bad. It doesn't even say it's "bad" or "dangerous". It is merely stating that a partial upgrade is not supported and that you should avoid it. In other words, running pacman -Sy and then running pacman -S <some package with dependencies> has the potential to break something else that has the same dependencies. Running something like pacman -Sy && pacman -S man-pages to only get the latest man-pages would be perfectly fine (man-pages has no dependencies, and is not required by any other packages). Sep 9 '18 at 22:33
  • 2
    It's 5 days later when you've forgotten you ran pacman -Sy and run pacman -S nvidia that you're likely to break something. Sep 9 '18 at 22:35
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checkupdates

The bash script checkupdates, included with the pacman-contrib package, provides a safe way to check for upgrades to installed packages without running a system update at the same time.

System Maintenance

2
  • 3
    This should be the correct answer
    – Nitz
    Apr 25 '20 at 10:01
  • Brilliant mate!
    – smac89
    Oct 15 '20 at 4:43
2

As @Panagiotis mentioned, checkupdates provides a way to do this without requiring root or messing up your /var/lib/pacman database. Here's a minimal version of checkupdates:

TMPPATH="${TMPDIR:-/tmp}/checkup-db-${USER}"
DBPATH="$(pacman-conf DBPath)"

mkdir -p "$TMPPATH"
ln -s "$DBPATH/local" "$TMPPATH" &>/dev/null
fakeroot -- pacman -Sy --dbpath "$TMPPATH" --logfile /dev/null &>/dev/null
pacman -Qu --dbpath "$TMPPATH" 2>/dev/null

It works by:

  1. Creating a temporary folder for your database.
  2. Symlinking your /var/lib/pacman/local.
  3. Running pacman -Sy on your temporary folder.
  4. Querying via pacman -Qu on your temporary folder.

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