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I'm a little confused on how to run unison to sync files with group and owner attributes on an ubuntu system, as you need to be root. But I need to do this remotely and automated. I know I can set up ssh keys and the such for my user but that doesn't matter because I still wont be able to ssh as root to do the changes on the remote system.

I guess my question is; How would I go about using root on the remote system for unison? or is there a way of setting a command for a user to 'auto-run' as root without password?

Or are there any other ways that I could do this?

Any guidance with this is appreciated.

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You should be able to setup ssh login with keys as you have stated.

Make sure your sshd_config allows root logins

PermitRootLogin without-password

Then copy the generated public-key to /root/.ssh/authorized_keys.

You should be able to login now, just tell unison to use the ssh key you generated.

  • With this would I have to enable root account? – Elgoog Dec 18 '11 at 0:46
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    Yes, you should have an enabled and working root account. The options for 'PermitRootLogin' are 'no', 'yes', and 'without-password'. The last one allowing only logins using ssh-keys. – Sig-IO Dec 18 '11 at 0:51
  • works like a charm, I never knew about the without-password so thank you! – Elgoog Dec 18 '11 at 1:01
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Sudo can be configured to avoid asking for a password on some or all commands with the NOPASSWD parameter; but in any case I think it would be simpler to use ssh keys to access the remote system directly as root; after setting up passwordless authentication, unison should be called as follows:

unison a.tmp ssh://username@remotehostname/a.tmp

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