As a Windows administrator, what tools do you feel you cannot live without?
3rd party tools are great, but before I start there, the basic ones you get with the system:
- Computer Management
- Event Viewer
- Services Console
- Active Directory Users and Computers
- Active Directory Domains and Trusts
- Active Directory Sites and Services
- Group Policy Management Console (okay, so you download this one)
- The command line itself with
- Internet Explorer/Firefox
- Scripting tool like VBScript/PowerShell/Perl
I can't live without PowerShell.
WinDirStat is great for finding out how all your disk space it getting used.
I always post this one, but it remains true. Beyond Compare is the best folder & file diff program. It is so ridiculously useful for maintenance work and updating, plus it does built-in FTP
Recursive copying with solid reporting and allows you to update changed only. Used to be part of the windows resource kit, but i think it's distributed with Vista now.
Never underestimate the power of a really good text editor. I've used UltraEdit for years and couldn't live without it. I've tried moving to Notepad++, Editplus, and a few other text editors and I always end up frustrated and back using UltraEdit. You can also get a U3 version that lives on a flash drive.
- PS Tools
- Terminal Services
A Linux LiveCD (Knoppix preferably)
The SysInternals suite, live edition:
hexedit or another hex editor.
WMIC lets you do pretty much anything to any networked windows computer.
Some fun things to try:
wmic computersystem get name
What user is currently logged into the system:
wmic netlogin get name,lastlogon
Users who have logged into a system, and when they last logged in:
wmic os get lastbootuptime
When was the last time the machine booted; (do you have a machine not getting updates?)
wmic product get name,verion
Finds applications installed with a specific name:
wmic product where 'name = "%Product Name%"' get name
Also remember you can run these on networked systems:
wmic /node:"computername1" os list brief
I'd throw 7-zip into the pool. Free/Open source and opens most compression formats. I use it often for moving files from one server to another (updates and/or images).
These are more for the desktop/laptop power users:
- safarp: small and fast Add/Remove Programs
- launchy: keystroke launchyer
- console: multi-tabbed cmd.exe, (and then some)
- jkdefrag (portable):lite-weight defragger
- AnVir task manager: manager for running processes, services, and startup programs (commercial but has a lite free version).
- Notepad++: Probably best text-editor available for windows.
- WinMerge: visual diff/merge tool
Batch files :-)
shutdown - can shut down a non-responding host remotely
shutdown -r -t 0 -f -m <machine>
taskkill - kill processes from the commandline
taskkill /pid <pid>
psexec - the windows equivalent of ssh (from sysinternals, as previously noted)
Total Commander - Norton Commander look-a-like for Windows. I use this all the time, it's simply the best (!) file manager. Also it's shareware, so if you can live with a startup nag-screen it's free.
Ultraedit - Not free, but nothing beats this text editor. Once you go down the path of ultraedit, there's no turning back.
putty - It just works.
TreeSizeFree for figuring out what's using all your storage space.
Windows Installer Cleanup Utility - saved my bacon multiple times.
Visual C# Express - really! The .NET framework has a LOT of useful classes for automating admin tasks, and I've rolled my own small army of useful utilities.
Ultra Vnc SC a free remote desktop tool. Some features: You only need one exe to pass to client, no install, Can be customized and You also can translate this tool, got a file transfer and chat.
I find Agent Ransack or its non-free version, File Locator Pro, to be much much more effective than the basic "Search" function of Windows (which was/is broken on XP)
A new open source to alternative to ProcessExplorer is ProcessHacker.
You can install it or just run it off a thumb drive. If you install it you can take advantage of some of the special features. On such feature is a kernel mode driver that acts as a proxy to query process information. This is apparently to avoid UAC prompts in Vista. Another feature is the ability to launch ProcessHacker instead of task manager from the ctrl+alt+delete menu. Finally, you can set ProcessHacker to run at login.
If for some reason you don't want to get and install the whole Cygwin GNU utilities for Win32 are useful. It's nice to fire up cmd and use grep, wget, tail, etc.
sniffer to see what exactly is happening on the wire [ unless you can tap somewhere on the switch with port mirroring].
Notepad++ was already mentioned, but Notepad2 - not. It's very useful Notepad replacement. It has syntax hilight, block operations, different encoding.
I have been testing Spiceworks for IT management (inventory, monitoring, reporting, tracking). So far, made my life easier, so let's toss it on the pile.
I live by TaskInfo, an integrated utility that beats Task Manager and Systems Information hands down.
testdisk - saved my ass a when my raid screwed up, was able to copy the data off it to another drive even though it wasn't showing up in windows. now i can't live without it.
Logparser is a must.
Remote Desktop / Terminal Services
RD tabs http://www.avianwaves.com/Tech/Tools/RDTabs/ is a great RDP replacement. It allows saving connections like bookmarks, tabs, pop-outs, screen capture! Works really well!
Well I'd say http://ratsauce.sourceforge.net/ but then I would say that, wouldn't I :-)