97
votes

It seems that rsync is the de-facto standard for efficient file backup and sync in Unix/Linux.

Does anyone have any thoughts on why it wouldn't have caught on in the Windows world?

Why hasn't it become a universal 'protocol' for file sync?

3
  • 4
    It's because there is not a decent port, and because Windows people are used to It Just Works. The existing not-quite-ports are a big PITA.
    – RomanSt
    Feb 4, 2011 at 14:14
  • 1
    Windows already provides delta synchronization through DFS and RDC that can be centrally managed, massively deployed,configured etc. Jun 23, 2014 at 8:24
  • @p.campbell, There is cwrsync for windows
    – Pacerier
    May 9, 2015 at 21:29

18 Answers 18

47
votes

I would say mostly because people in windows are unaware of it. Rsync is a command-line utility that is consistent with the unix philosophy of having lots of small tools preinstalled. The windows philosophy is based around GUI applications that are all downloaded and installed separately. There is not a smooth integration spot where rsync would be obvious or make much sense, and running commands on a windows system is tedious at best.

Also, rsync really shines when its part of a larger application (say for consolidating and parsing logs), or as an automated archival system (implemented easily with a cronjob). Windows simply doesnt have the other tools in its ecosystem to make using rsync actually viable.

Finally, I would say that rsync is just too freaking complicated. Anyone I know who uses it regularly has a pre-set group of flags (mine is -avuz) that generally does what they want, but the man pages / documentation lists dozens of command-line switches, some of them amalgamations of other switches. For example (from the [man page][1]):

-a, --archive: archive mode; equals -rlptgoD (no -H,-A,-X)

It is a quick way of saying you want recursion and want to preserve almost everything (with -H being a notable omission). The only exception to the above equivalence is when --files-from is specified, in which case -r is not implied.

Windows users generally expect, well, windows, and menus, and to have a single app be an all-in-one solution, not just an independent piece of a tool chain.

11
  • 11
    I totally agree with you ! Man pages are the worst way to understand rsync and many other applications. Jul 3, 2009 at 7:01
  • 2
    Actually, it's the reverse. UNIX/Linux people don't know that Windows provides provides DFS and RDC since 2006 at least. It's easy to setup, manage, deploy to entire domains (ie hundreds or thousands of desktops with dozens or hundreds of clients). Jun 23, 2014 at 8:30
  • 3
    @PanagiotisKanavos Except DFS is different to rsync. NFS (or a number of other protocols) are available on Linux based OS, but rsync is generally used for staged backups, once off transfers, etc. Apples and oranges. Aug 5, 2014 at 11:54
  • 5
    @Pacerier : "Command line is command line" ? You are either extremely tolerant, or you only know one and not the others. For any normal person who knows Bash in Linux/Mac (or any of the other Unix shells), cmd.exe is so crippled that saying it is "tedious at best" is still an understatement.
    – mivk
    Jun 7, 2015 at 19:22
  • 2
    "and running commands on a windows system is tedious at best." - either you haven't done much of it, have never heard of Powershell, are a Linux fanboy, or all of the above. It's not really any different from doing it on Linux these days.
    – Alan B
    Aug 19, 2015 at 9:22
62
votes

I'm suprised no-one has mentioned DeltaCopy, which is rsync packaged in a windows GUI. It can even install itself as an rsyncd-compatible service.

5
  • 3
    +1 I cannot upvote this enough. DeltaCopy is how we backup a couple of linux servers to our Windows-based backup server. Rsync on Ubuntu right into the DeltaCopy client on Windows. Jul 3, 2009 at 17:16
  • it does not seem to play nice with ntfs security permissions
    – JamesRyan
    Jan 12, 2011 at 16:06
  • Can that pull files via SSH, without rsyncd on the remote Linux machine? Aug 21, 2015 at 11:50
  • 1
    When rsync runs over ssh, it starts an rsync process on the other side. You do not need to configure a standalone rsyncd running on the remote, but you do need to have it installed.
    – Sekenre
    Aug 24, 2015 at 10:12
  • DeltaCopy as server on windows, cron script running rsync to a linux box and rsnaphot to achieve "Time Machine" backups. Priceless.
    – MGP
    Jun 22, 2016 at 1:38
11
votes

In my opinion, because there is no decent GUI.

Another argument may be that there is robocopy. Robocopy is missing many cool features that rsync offers, but in most situations robocopy is just sufficient for the job at hand.

2
  • 4
    robocopy doesn't do a thing to optimize remote copies, which is the main innovation of rsync. i'd say that not having a click-pointy GUI is the only excuse for not trying it
    – Javier
    Jul 2, 2009 at 21:11
  • 2
    In the windows world working with "remote" files often involves sharing the remote disc, and then doing "local" file operations. And for that robocopy is sufficient.
    – semiuseless
    Jul 2, 2009 at 22:12
9
votes

I use the Cygwin rsync extensively and it works very well.

But ...

It is a bugger to install and configure. You have to do a full Cygwin install just to get one binary and three dlls, and it isn't obvious which three dlls are needed. How to run it as a service is not obvious and the command line syntax is complex. Non-nerds are like to give up very quickly.

Also it messes up permissions to the point where I always set cygwin=nontsec, and it regularly hangs. I understand the hang is a known problem with the Cygwin dll rather than rsync itself (which is not a criticism of the Cygwin guys. What they've achieved is little short of miraculous!).

Rsync is extremely useful if you do any sort of replication over WAN links, and it's on my todo list to write a native Win32 version. Sadly it's been on my todo list for several years and is no closer to the top. I don't think just writing a GUI wrapper is a big step forward as fails to address some of the fundamental problems with the Cygwin version.

If anyone is interested, http://www.ratsauce.co.uk/notablog/UsingRsync.asp describes the results of my many hours of pain getting Cygwin rsync to work on Windows.

JR

2
  • amen to that, though it installed and worked fine on my XP system, Vista didn't like it at all. Rsync is the business, if there was a native port of it to Windows, I'm sure it'd be used a lot more.
    – gbjbaanb
    Jul 3, 2009 at 9:40
  • Git for Windows installation gives configured bash and CygWin out of the box. You may even select an integration of unix commands to CMD. Voila, I forget using PowerShell or CMD )
    – it3xl
    Sep 22, 2017 at 6:48
8
votes

I would say that for smaller computer to computer syncs, people are using Robocopy, SyncToy, or Foldershare (now Live Sync). For the large enterprise distributed multimaster file share scenarios, they are using Distributed File System (DFS). Those tools handle most sync scenarios just fine, leaving very little benefit to installing, learning, and using a recompiled *nix app on Windows.

7
votes

What would your average Windows user use it for?

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  • 3
    +1 for being true - windows user's backup is mostly "drag and drop it to a separate/external harddrive"
    – LiraNuna
    Jul 3, 2009 at 0:31
  • 17
    I rarely mark replies down, and I'm not going to mark this one down, but since when has ServerFault been a forum for average Windows users? For the sysadmin, offsite replication is becoming increasingly important. Big companies will probably just buy DPM to use over their T3 connections. We humbler types need something that will work at ADSL upload speed, and rsync does this very well. Jul 3, 2009 at 10:13
  • 3
    @John: yes, but people aren't going to use rsync unless they know it exists. rsync has been used, and useful, to "typical" *nix users for ages, and so any *nix sysadmin worth his salt knows about it. On Windows? Not so much. Windows is (and probably more importantly, was aimed at a different audience, one which had no interest in, or use for, tools like it. And since Windows sysadmins usually start out as Windows users, the tools they use are influenced by which tools Windows users use. You're mixing two different concerns (why isn't it popular, vs would it be useful)
    – jalf
    Mar 24, 2011 at 7:49
  • I just answered the former, I'm not denying that it would be useful
    – jalf
    Mar 24, 2011 at 7:50
  • Yes but there are a lot of Windwos servers around that also need to be backed up.
    – kiltek
    Apr 18, 2017 at 8:37
4
votes

IMO:

rsync is far less likely to be installed on machines one comes across in the Windows world while the Resource Kit with robocopy is often installed (or at least it's on an "approved" list of software that can be installed on a production system).

As others have pointed out, robocopy is generally more than adequate to skin whatever cat is at hand. It may not be quite as nice as rsync but it's a good tool.

Lack of GUI may be a factor but even though there's a front-end available for robocopy, I find that most folks figure out the robocopy switches needed and stick it in a .bat file.

4
  • With Windows 2008 (and up I assume) robocopy comes included with the OS so there's no need to install it any more.
    – mrdenny
    Jul 2, 2009 at 23:25
  • I didn't realize this. Thanks for info...we're at least a year away from 2008 in our environment and I haven't kept up since moving out of AD administration.
    – damorg
    Jul 2, 2009 at 23:37
  • Robocopy is installed by default in Vista and Windows 7 as well, and possibly in their PE counter-parts too. Jul 3, 2009 at 16:32
  • Robocopy won't transfer just the CHANGED parts of files, so large files with small changes copy very slowly compared to what rsync does.
    – JustinP
    Jan 19, 2012 at 10:54
4
votes

I use robocopy in windows - which comes preinstalled in windows vista and windows 7, and is up to any backup situation I encountered so far.

2
votes

My guess is that it simply doesn't have a GUI. For easy sync tasks Microsoft even offers Sync Toy, and rsync could do much more ...

2
  • ACtually there is a GUI for it: sepiola.org/en/home I talked with the developers of Sepiola once and they told me that they just made a GUI around rsync.
    – Raffael Luthiger
    Jul 2, 2009 at 22:00
  • 2
    I downvoted this, because it suggests that Windows sysadmins are lost without a GUI. Which isn't really true; most good admins are fine with commandline utilities.
    – quux
    May 23, 2011 at 5:49
2
votes

For what it's worh, there is a perfectly functional rsync for Windows that does not need installation of Cygwin. I have been using it to backup different parts of my data to different drives. It is useful to exclude particular directories, but probably other utilities do it also.

Nestor

1
  • It still uses Cygwin, which means it's dll could mess with other apps that might use Cygwin. It's generally better to just install Cygwin in these cases.
    – dlamblin
    Jul 23, 2009 at 7:24
2
votes

Oh boy, you guys have obviously been missing the utility "Unison". I've been supporting some major US/EUR "realtime" infrastructures and I have to say everyone has very similar problems... how to replicate and be able to be active-active all the time... if you don't care about session persistence then this thing is the bomb... best thing I've found in solaris extras :-)

2
votes

The easiest to use/install rsync GUI application I've found for Windows has been grSync.

(Screenshots: http://www.opbyte.it/grsync/screenshot.html)

If it were more popular, maybe rsync would be used more.

0
votes

I belive rsync can be used under cygwin in windows world :) cygwin is easy to install and use, however for ordinary users who love GUIs it is not very common. so we get two barriers:

1) lack of GUI frontend

2) even if there was a GUI frontend in tcl/tk for example - the need to install cygwin is a barrier.

and rsync is not proprietary software which wants to sell itself and therefore struggles to eliminate barriers before potential customers. As Joel sais: eliminating one barrier doubles your userbase. So here we have barriers for windows users - as a consequence small userbase on Windows platform.

0
votes

I use robocopy for rsync-like behavior in windows.

Basically, I wrote a backup.bat file that I have on an external drive. I regularly run the file to back my desktops up to the external drive. Then I store the external drive in a fireproof safe.

0
votes

We built a GUI for Rsync and Windows.

The computer/backup server you connect to needs to be running SSH and Rsync.

Let me know if you have questions by commenting on this answer.

0
votes

Exact same reason tar and bzip2 are unheard of. It very much doesn't fit into Windows well. zipping a directory and shuttling it over SMB fits into Windows better, and seems almost as fast in numerous cases. That's not really my dream for a better world, but it's a reality to grapple with. Most all windows machines don't have any unix layer installed. Unlike, Mac OS X.

0
votes

There are some newer rsync guis in development. One I came across recently through wikipedia is yintersync. It looks pretty comprehensive as a gui for rsync on windows and rather neatly also supports shadow copies for replicating live files.

I have recently tested this on my work dr system with good results. It has a built in scheduler and email reports. This may help rsync catch on finally to the windows crowd

0
votes

The lack of gui is not really a problem. xacls, robocopy, net, sc are very usefull and don't have any gui. I believe that if rsync is not used, it is more due to the fact that:

  1. Windows lacks a real shell and a real scripting language. And people that use batch are also using robocopy.
  2. Since 95, Windows comes with an easy-to-use graphical tool (named "Porte document" in the french version). Since Windows 2000 (or XP?), there is a "synchronise" menu in the explorer.
3
  • The definition of "real" is? ^^ Jul 3, 2009 at 16:33
  • A real shell allows to customise more than prompt, windows size or tile. It ofers the ability to do every tasks you want to (managing user accounts, tuning the system configuration, ...). A real scripting language allows to define the environnement (Have you ever tryed to use the "date" command in a multi-countries environnement?) and can be used in a interractive prompt (unlike vbs/js).
    – Benoit
    Jul 3, 2009 at 18:10
  • PowerShell satisfies all your requirements and has been a part of Windows since 2006. It integrates with .NET, so I actually prefer it to Bash in some cases.
    – James
    Jul 15, 2011 at 4:36

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