74

Is there anyway to show all the locks that are active in a mysql database?

1
  • 1
    You can query INNODB_LOCK_WAITS and INNODB_LOCKS tables.
    – user267707
    Jan 29 '15 at 17:15
55

See Marko's link for InnoDB tables and the caveats.

For MyISAM, there isn't a dead easy "this is the offending query" solution. You should always start with a processlist. But be sure to include the full keyword so that the printed queries aren't truncated:

SHOW FULL PROCESSLIST;

This will show you a list of all current processes, their SQL query and state. Now usually if a single query is causing many others to lock then it should be easy to identify. The affected queries will have a status of Locked and the offending query will be sitting out by itself, possibly waiting for something intensive, like a temporary table.

If it's not obvious then you will have to use your powers of SQL deduction to determine which piece of offending SQL may be the cause of your woes.

40

If you use InnoDB and need to check running queries I recommend

show engine innodb status;

as mentioned in Marko's link. This will give you the locking query, how many rows/tables are locked by it etc. Look under TRANSACTIONS.

The problem with using SHOW PROCESSLIST is that you won't see the locks unless other queries are queueing up.

1
  • This should be the accepted answer. It will have a section for "LATEST DETECTED DEADLOCK" May 11 '20 at 10:24
35

Try SHOW OPEN TABLES:

show open tables where In_Use > 0 ;
1
  • I think this is the best way to identify in use locks immediately especially if you have multiple databases and hundreds of connections.
    – nelaaro
    Apr 12 '18 at 14:38
22

None of the answers can show all the locks that are currently held.

Do this e.g. in mysql in a terminal.

start transaction;
update someTable set name="foobar" where ID=1234;
-- but no rollback or commit - just let it sit there

Clearly the transaction above holds a lock, because the transaction is still active. But no query is going on right now and nobody is waiting for a lock anywhere (yet at least).

INFORMATION_SCHEMA.INNODB_LOCKS is empty, which makes sense given the documentation, because there is only one transaction and currently nobody waiting for any locks. Also INNODB_LOCKS is deprecated anyway.

SHOW ENGINE INNODB STATUS is useless: someTable is not mentioned at all

SHOW FULL PROCESSLIST is empty, because the culprit is not actually running a query right now.

You can use INFORMATION_SCHEMA.INNODB_TRX, performance_schema.events_statements_history and performance_schema.threads to extract the queries that any active transactions have executed in the past as outlined in my other answer, but I haven't come across any way to see that someTable is locked in the above scenario.

The suggestions in the other answers so far won't help at least.

Disclaimer: I don't have innotop installed and I didn't bother. Perhaps that could work.

1
  • I was just planning to write a question specifically about this scenario (start transaction, run update, and wait), and then I noticed your answer. I have this problem in production. I had the idea to detect a "stuck" lock in code when getting the "Lock wait timeout exceeded" error, and then do two things at the same time: re-run the query, and run SHOW ENGINE INNODB STATUS (from the other thread or process, on a second connection). But I would love to have a simpler way...
    – obe
    Jan 21 '20 at 20:05
8

Reference taken from this post.

You can use below script:

SELECT 
    pl.id
    ,pl.user
    ,pl.state
    ,it.trx_id 
    ,it.trx_mysql_thread_id 
    ,it.trx_query AS query
    ,it.trx_id AS blocking_trx_id
    ,it.trx_mysql_thread_id AS blocking_thread
    ,it.trx_query AS blocking_query
FROM information_schema.processlist AS pl 
INNER JOIN information_schema.innodb_trx AS it
    ON pl.id = it.trx_mysql_thread_id
INNER JOIN information_schema.innodb_lock_waits AS ilw
    ON it.trx_id = ilw.requesting_trx_id 
        AND it.trx_id = ilw.blocking_trx_id
1
  • On MySQL 5.7: Warning (Code 1681): 'INFORMATION_SCHEMA.INNODB_LOCK_WAITS' is deprecated and will be removed in a future release.
    – dolmen
    Aug 31 at 10:10
7

Using this command

SHOW PROCESSLIST

will show all process currently running, including process that has acquired lock on tables.

1
  • That doesn't says which locks on which table.
    – dolmen
    Aug 31 at 10:11
7

AFAIK there's still no native way in MYSQL, but I use innotop. It's free and has plenty of other functionality as well.

Also see this link for more information on using the innotop tool.

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