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My iptables is causing postfix server not to send emails.

A problematic mail.log line is:

Mar 1 06:19:44 server postfix/smtp[9744]: 3D62CA06CA9: to=, relay=none, delay=42, delays=2.3/0.01/40/0, dsn=4.4.3, status=deferred (Host or domain name not found. Name service error for name=gmail.com type=MX: Host not found, try again)

I found the other guy's explanation on how to fix this.

He proposed:

SERVER_IP="202.54.10.20"
DNS_SERVER="202.54.1.5 202.54.1.6"
for ip in $DNS_SERVER
do
iptables -A OUTPUT -p udp -s $SERVER_IP --sport 1024:65535 -d $ip --dport 53 -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p udp -s $ip --sport 53 -d $SERVER_IP --dport 1024:65535 -m state --state ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
iptables -A OUTPUT-p tcp -s $SERVER_IP --sport 1024:65535 -d $ip --dport 53 -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p tcp -s $ip --sport 53 -d $SERVER_IP --dport 1024:65535 -m state --state ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
done

Isn't there any simpler rule without using the IP?

Thank you very much.

3

Firewall paranoia doesn't really work if you don't even understand your firewall.

Just set the OUTPUT policy to ACCEPT and allow ESTABLISHED traffic back in.

  • Thanks. Now I have ACCEPT all -- anywhere anywhere state RELATED,ESTABLISHED and since my OUTPUT policy is ACCEPT so everything now works. – valk Mar 1 '12 at 14:15

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