I have an entry from an OpenSSH known_hosts file; I'd like to generate an SSHFP resource record for this. I can use ssh-keygen to generate the fingerprint with no difficulty:

$ ssh-keygen -f foo_known_host -l
1040 09:a0:5c:5f:43:fb:e5:25:d8:0c:d8:dc:d7:7a:c4:62 foo.example.com. (RSA)

But it doesn't seem to like it for a DNS fingerprint record:

$  ssh-keygen -f foo_known_host -r foo
failed to read v2 public key from foo_known_host.

So how do I do this?

ssh-keygen(1) doesn't behave the same way as sshfp(1).

You'll note from the man page that the syntax is:

ssh-keygen -r hostname [-f input_keyfile] [-g]

So the file should be an input_keyfile rather than a known_hosts_file. If you don't specify then it will default to the server's local keys of /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key.pub and /etc/ssh/ssh_host_dsa_key.pub.

You can either generate the record from each server that you wish to create SSHFP records for with ssh-keygen. Or source sshfp and create them all from one known_hosts file.

This script is good:

http://brmlab.cz/kb/sshfp.sh

It needs to be run in /etc/ssh, or edit it to cd there before it does it's stuff.

try -r $HOSTNAME as first arguement:

$ ssh-keygen -r moppel -f ~/.ssh/id_dsa -g
moppel IN TYPE44 \# 22 02 01 3950bf0c2cf2318b9ab2187992b6f7869947c3aa
  • 1
    No, switching around the arguments doesn't work. You got probably got correct output because you gave it a v2 public key file, not a known_hosts file with one entry. – Curt J. Sampson Jul 7 '09 at 10:48

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