How do I change a user's password in Oracle?
The downside of using the alter user command to change a password is that the command (and the password) is transmitted in clear text over the network.
If you are not using any other methods to ensure a secure connection (ssh, Oracle advanced security, etc.) I would advise to instead use the password command.
Since Oracle 8 you have the option to use password user_name or passw user_name
SQL> passw scott Changing password for scott New password: Retype new password: Password changed
There is a post by Pete Finnigan about this topic.
Expanding the @Randy answer, you also can use the following (undocumented) sentence to set a password without knowing the real one:
alter user <user> identified by values '<encrypted password>';
You can get the encryped values for passwords on
PASSWORD column on the table
DBA_USERS. Its nice, for instance to migrate a database to another one and copy the password without knowing it. The password owner have not to be disturbed.
In some scenarios (for example, if password complexity verification function has been enabled) you have to use the following one:
alter user <user> identified by '<newpassword>' replace '<currentpassword>';
It's pretty much what Randy said. If you need some other commands, try going to http://www.ss64.com/ora/. There's a nice list of command divided in categories such as cluster, users and you can find pretty much anything you need by browsing around that website.