7

I encounter the problem when I try to shrink one logical volume. I took the actions as following steps shown below:

# unmount /home
# lvreduce --size -100G /dev/vg_dev/lv_home 
# lvdisplay /dev/vg_dev/lv_home 

--- Logical volume ---
LV Path                /dev/vg_dev/lv_home
LV Name                lv_home
VG Name                vg_dev
LV UUID                QOxrP3-nS36-nZTG-yL7e-sDi0-Wl9z-LXp4pJ
LV Write Access        read/write
LV Creation host, time , 
LV Status              available
# open                 1
LV Size                197.98 GiB
Current LE             50683
Segments               1
Allocation             inherit
Read ahead sectors     auto
- currently set to     256
Block device           253:4

# e2fsck -f /dev/vg_dev/lv_home

e2fsck 1.41.12 (17-May-2010)
The filesystem size (according to the superblock) is 78113792 blocks
The physical size of the device is 51899392 blocks
Either the superblock or the partition table is likely to be corrupt!
Abort<y>?

# resize2fs /dev/vg_dev/lv_home

resize2fs 1.41.12 (17-May-2010)
Please run 'e2fsck -f /dev/vg_dev/lv_home' first.

Picture of console.

I cannot mount the logical volume at all, can someone help me solve this problem?

5 Answers 5

15

It sounds like you've tried to resize a volume and filesystem in the wrong order.

When shrinking, you should perform actions in this order

  1. Resize the file system
  2. Resize the logical volume

When growing, you should perform actions in this order

  1. Resize the logical volume
  2. Resize the file system

For your issue

The first thing I would do is clone the entire drive using dd to a spare drive, and work on this one for recovery.

If you are lucky and you didn't use any of the LV available extents and thus the blocks on the disk haven't changed, you might be able to resize the LV back to what it was previously, then attempt a fsck on the file system. If the fsck passes, you can then resize the file system.

If you still get an error with the fsck you might have done irreparable damage.

NB

lvresize now supports file system resize when passing an additional argument -r|--resizefs which mitigates the need to resize in a particular order and drastically reduces the potential for error.

3

I resized my logical disc, /dev/mapper and I got the error:

Either the superblock or the partition table is likely to be corrupt!

The solution was to make this order with the corrupt partition:

[root@localhost]# mke2fs /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home && fsck /dev/mapper/VolGroup-lv_home

and that's all.

source: Size in superblock is different from the physical size of the partition

4
  • does mke2fs delete the partition? Jul 19, 2017 at 5:19
  • 1
    I think this command not delete the partition. Nov 5, 2018 at 5:12
  • 1
    hey, you saved my life after a supid manipulation. Thanks a lot !
    – Rebolon
    Sep 16, 2020 at 14:26
  • You are welcome! Oct 5, 2020 at 16:58
1

One possible solution is to extend the filesystem by 100GB, but there may be some data loss. Please take the backup of the desired filesystem.

# lvextend -L +100G /dev/vg_dev/lv_home 
# resize2fs /dev/vg_dev/lv_home 

Then you can mount the filesytem.

Hope this would solve your issue.

1
  • meeting the error: Bad magic number in super-block while tring to open /dev/vg_dev/lv_home couldn't find valid filesystem superblock.
    – Xb74Dkjb
    Jun 15, 2017 at 9:29
0

Obviously, only the filesystem superblock is corrupted.  To fix this issue, execute the following commands, in case if it is an ext2/3 filesystem:

mke2fs -S /dev/XXX && fsck /dev/XXX

/dev/XXX has to be replaced with the corresponding device.   For other FS, it is expected to use the corresponding mkfs commands.  With the "-S" option, only the superblock and the group descriptors will be reinitialized. The "fsck" command right after the first one is run in order to fix/adjust the group descriptors.

0

Backup any filesystems you'll be doing operations on before starting.

I made the same error on debian 11 and fixed it using the hint from Ben Lessani
The vserver-lv-home filesystem was originally 429.3G

Original error...
> lvs

check the usage on /home
> du -d 1 /home

backup
> cd /;tar cfzv /root/home.tgz /home
> umount /home
> e2fsck /dev/mapper/vserver-lv-home
> lvresize --size -129.3G /dev/mapper/vserver-lv-home

File system unmountable and rebooted into single user mode only. Also, I had forgotten exactly how much I reduced so ran..

The Fix...
> lvresize --size +128G /dev/mapper/vserver-lv-home
which then told me I still had free space or extants?
> lvresize --size +1G /dev/mapper/vserver-lv-home
> lvresize --size +0.1G /dev/mapper/vserver-lv-home
...etc You can also try --size +100M but kept going with smaller increments till no more free space, 0 extants?
> mount /home
or
> mount /dev/mapper/vserver-lv-home

It mounted with no errors, rebooted and got back to desktop login

Then followed the correct sequence to shrink use absolute 300G size instead
> umount /dev/mapper/vserver-lv-home
> e2fsck /dev/mapper/vserver-lv-home
> resize2fs /dev/mapper/vserver-lv-home 300G
> lvresize --size 300G /dev/mapper/vserver-lv-home

this was a hack to run e2fsck on the other file systems as I was unable to umount -var because it had active processes and of course could not umount -root easily. The proper way to do this would be to boot from an installer and umount the drives and perform the required operations. I had backups my projects so I just went ahead without the umount and e2fsck.

Again backup your -var and -root filesystems before proceeding.
> tune2fs -c 1 /dev/mapper/vserver-lv-var
> tune2fs -c 1 /dev/mapper/vserver-lv-root
> shutdown -r now

It ran e2fsck on boot up, in fact I ran tune2fs -c on all filesystems. Again this should have been done booted from an install/recovery flash drive.

Then I used the freed space I took from from /home.
> lvresize --size 64G /dev/mapper/vserver-lv-var
> resize2fs /dev/mapper/vserver-lv-var 64G

Repeated the same for -root with the other 64G freed from /home.
> lvresize --size 64G /dev/mapper/vserver-lv-root
> resize2fs /dev/mapper/vserver-lv-root 64G
> reboot and let it run efsck

Set reboot count back to defaults and reboot
> tune2fs -c -1 /dev/mapper/vserver-lv-var
> tune2fs -c -1 /dev/mapper/vserver-lv-root
> shutdown -r now

I was not able to resize tmp to use the extra 1.3G but will post again if I find out how, probably just need to free up a full 1G or more as the command did not seem to take smaller increments.

https://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man8/lvresize.8.html

https://manpages.debian.org/bullseye/e2fsprogs/resize2fs.8.en.html

https://www.linuxfordevices.com/tutorials/linux/tune2fs-command

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.