i like to backup my linux based NAS (small files like picutres) to an attached USB Disk with FAT32. For this i like to use rsync.

I know, that this will not work correct per default. rsync will sync the files again and again. I found this question and answers: How can I use rsync with a FAT file system?

But, even if I use the --modify-window=1 and --size-only option, all files are processed again. The log looks like, rsync tries to set permission/ownership on fat32, which will fail. rsync: chown "<filename>" failed: Operation not permitted (1)

Question is: is there a way to disable the "chown" command?


currently I use the following command: rsync -a --modify-window=1 --size-only /data/ /mnt/backup/. &

2 Answers 2


Just don't use the options for syncing owner/group. If you are using the --archive/-a option this includes those two, so instead specify the flags individually and leave those out. Check the man page for a list of what --archive implies.

  • 8
    Thank you. -a stands for -rlptgoD looking at the man-pages, so I have to remove pfor permissions g for group and o for ownership. So -rltD are the options, I have to use. And it works.
    – The Bndr
    Jan 17, 2013 at 15:55
  • 2
    in my case it says that symlinks are not supported either on FAT, so -l has to be excluded as well Jul 5, 2017 at 16:37

I've been trying to figure out how to keep rsync from copying every file every time, for a long time, with no success. But I've just stumbled across the answer. It's a FAT32 short-filename issue; apparently, by default, Linux converts them to all lower case, which messes up rsync's ability to see that it's the same file on the source & destination.

The solution is to mount the FAT32 device with the 'shortname=mixed' option. I believe you also need to use utf8 charset, e.g. 'iocharset=utf8'. Then run rsync with params: -rtv --modify-window=1

On Debian with Trinity, I can right-click the FAT32 partition's icon on the desktop, Properties / Mounting, set Short Names to mixed, and make sure UTF-8 Charset is checked. Hopefully there's a way to make those the defaults for all FAT32 partitions, but I haven't looked for that yet.

  • I did not have that problem, because I changed later from FAT32 to NTFS. But your answer is an interesting point. Thank you! +1
    – The Bndr
    Feb 19, 2015 at 8:23

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