Is there any documentation or resource describing how to generate and host a profile for an OpenVPN client to import? Ideally would like my users to not have to separately fetch a .zip file of the .ovpn + certs, extract it to the proper directory, tweak their .ovpn, etc.


Apparently since OpenVPN 2.1 a inline configuration has been supported. Allowing you to locate your certs, and keys all in a single configuration file. But the documentation about how to create this configuration file was not added until the recent release of 2.3.

See the INLINE FILE SUPPORT section of the OpenVPN man page for more info.

proto udp
remote openvpnserver.example.com
port 1194
dev tun

key-direction 1

# insert base64 blob from ca.crt

# insert base64 blob from client1.crt

# insert base64 blob from client1.key

-----BEGIN OpenVPN Static key V1-----
# insert ta.key
-----END OpenVPN Static key V1-----

The docs for the config file are the same as the docs for the commandline options:

OpenVPN allows any option to be placed either on the command line or in a configuration file. Though all command line options are preceded by a double-leading-dash ("--"), this prefix can be removed when an option is placed in a configuration file.

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  • Couldn't get it to work with the Windows Connect Client (openvpn.net/?option=com_content&id=357), it complains about something like Could not read file C:\\...\[inline] so it seems that the client does not know about inline certificates (yet). – Patrick Oscity Jun 1 '13 at 19:39
  • Don't know if it helps, but I just left the ca, cert, key and tls-auth config values out and it works. – Ikke Sep 26 '13 at 20:00
  • 2
    You should remove the lines with [inline]. Instead of tls-auth [inline] 1 you should use tls-direction 1 – plaisthos Sep 30 '13 at 13:43
  • 2
    Sorry it is key-direction 1. Got that mixed up. My patch to the man page has already been integrated. See the 2.3 man page under INLINE FILES: community.openvpn.net/openvpn/wiki/Openvpn23ManPage. I copied it to its own answer to make it make readable and accessable. – plaisthos Oct 1 '13 at 15:19
  • 1
    @Strubbl: see Steps 10 and 11 of this link digitalocean.com/community/tutorials/… – Sai Ramachandran May 15 '17 at 1:01

From the OpenVPN 2.3 man page (It is supported since 2.1rc-something):

OpenVPN allows including files in the main configuration for the --ca, --cert, --dh, --extra-certs, --key, --pkcs12, --secret and --tls-auth options.

Each inline file started by the line <option> and ended by the line </option>.

Here is an example of an inline file usage


When using the inline file feature with --pkcs12 the inline file has to be base64 encoded. Encoding of a .p12 file into base64 can be done for example with OpenSSL by running openssl base64 -in input.p12

Also Note the key-direction option:

Alternative way of specifying the optional direction parameter for the --tls-auth and --secret options. Useful when using inline files (See section on inline files).

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This has been tested with OpenVPN 2.3.4 Debian 8.9 Server with Win7 clients.

Step 1. Create a file containing your defaults (I call it inline_client.conf) all settings must match your server.conf values

dev tun
proto udp
remote yourserver.xyz 1194
resolv-retry infinite
remote-cert-tls server
cipher AES-256-CBC
verb 3
;mute 20

ca [inline]
cert [inline]
key [inline]
tls-auth [inline] 1

Step 2. Create the following script, adjust paths as required and chmod ug+x MakeInline.sh


# Default Variable Declarations


#Ask for a Client name
echo "Please enter an existing Client Name:"
read NAME

echo "Please enter an Name for the output file"
read ovpnName

#1st Verify that client's Public Key Exists
if [ ! -f $kPath$NAME$CRT ]; then
   echo "[ERROR]: Client Public Key Certificate not found: $kPath$NAME$CRT"
echo "Client's cert found: $kPath$NAME$CRT"

#Then, verify that there is a private key for that client
if [ ! -f $kPath$NAME$KEY ]; then
   echo "[ERROR]: Client 3des Private Key not found: $kPath$NAME$KEY"
echo "Client's Private Key found: $kPath$NAME$KEY"

#Confirm the CA public key exists
if [ ! -f $kPath$CA ]; then
   echo "[ERROR]: CA Public Key not found: $kPath$CA"
echo "CA public Key found: $kPath$CA"

#Confirm the tls-auth ta key file exists
if [ ! -f $kPath$TA ]; then
   echo "[ERROR]: tls-auth Key not found: $kPath$TA"
echo "tls-auth Private Key found: $kPath$TA"

#Ready to make a new .opvn file - Start by populating with the

cat $DEFAULT > $ovpnName$FILEEXT

#Now, append the CA Public Cert
echo "<ca>" >> $ovpnName$FILEEXT
cat $kPath$CA | sed -ne '/-BEGIN CERTIFICATE-/,/-END CERTIFICATE-/p' >> $ovpnName$FILEEXT
echo "</ca>" >> $ovpnName$FILEEXT

#Next append the client Public Cert
echo "<cert>" >> $ovpnName$FILEEXT
cat $kPath$NAME$CRT | sed -ne '/-BEGIN CERTIFICATE-/,/-END CERTIFICATE-/p' >> $ovpnName$FILEEXT
echo "</cert>" >> $ovpnName$FILEEXT

#Then, append the client Private Key
echo "<key>" >> $ovpnName$FILEEXT
cat $kPath$NAME$KEY >> $ovpnName$FILEEXT
echo "</key>" >> $ovpnName$FILEEXT

#Finally, append the TA Private Key
echo "<tls-auth>" >> $ovpnName$FILEEXT
cat $kPath$TA >> $ovpnName$FILEEXT
echo "</tls-auth>" >> $ovpnName$FILEEXT

echo "Done! $ovpnName$FILEEXT Successfully Created."

#Script written by Eric Jodoin
#Update by Eric Maasdorp 2017-12-16

Step 3. Execute MakeInline.sh it will ask for the name of a client which you needed to have already created with build-key or build-key-pass. It will ask for a name for the ovpn file. My standard is ServerToConnectTo.ClientName which will produce ServerToConnectTo.ClientName.ovpn

Note: if you used build-key instead of build-key-pass then anyone that gets hold of the *.ovpn will have access to your server without a password!

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  • what's the 1 for after tls-auth in your template? also isn't tls-crypt more secure? – FalcoGer Feb 3 at 17:17

This Python script can be run on the server to generate the client keys and a profile. I'd inline it but it is not my creation and is long and may be updated periodically, and there are forks of it so odds are it will be searchable on the web for future web travelers. If the link doesn't work try searching "openvpn_gen.py".


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