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Is there any way of doing a mod_rewrite from one domain to another, but keeping the browser URL the same throughout? This is what I want:

User enters something like bacon.com and ends up on example.com/bacon, but the browser URL always stays as bacon.com?

I basically want to do a mod_rewrite whilst masking the URL. Sorry for the unimaginative example domains, but it's still only 10am... I've checked lots of other answers, but they always usually involve mod_rewrites on the same domain. They don't deal with the fact that bacon.com is already a ServerAlias of example.com.

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    You can serve the page example.com/bacon in various ways, such as proxying it, but there's a bunch of other issues: which domain gets to get cookies? What is the base URL considered to be for image and CSS requests?
    – pjc50
    Commented May 10, 2013 at 9:16

1 Answer 1

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I can give you three ways of doing this.

1 Using virtual hosts

Given that bacon.com is a ServerAlias for example.com, i.e. they're both on the same server, you can do this without using any mod_rewrite at all. Think of it this way: mod_rewrite is at its most basic a way to map URLs to a file system. So what I would do is to simply set up a separate VirtualHost that uses the correct directory as its base.

Here's a brief example:

NameVirtualHost *:80

<VirtualHost *:80>
  ServerName example.com
  DocumentRoot /www/files

  [... all other config you have for example.com]
</VirtualHost>

<VirtualHost *:80>
  ServerName bacon.com
  DocumentRoot /www/files/bacon

  # To have CSS directly under /www/files/css instead of /www/files/bacon/css
  Alias /css /www/files/css

  [... all other config you have for bacon.com]
</VirtualHost>

As you see, this isn't a rewrite; instead you're setting bacon.com up to use the base directory of example.com/bacon as its own DocumentRoot.

2 Using mod_rewrite as a proxy

If you do want to use mod_rewrite instead, you can have it use the P flag which will make mod_rewrite act as a proxy. Here's an example:

RewriteRule /(.*) http://example.com/bacon/$1 [P]

Edit in answer to the comment:

Since you want the http://bacon.com/css to be http://example.com/css instead of http://example.com/bacon/css, make a separate rule that goes first and catches that specific URL:

RewriteRule /css/(.*) http://example.com/css/$1 [P]
RewriteRule /(.*) http://example.com/bacon/$1 [P]

In order to do this, you need to have mod_proxy loaded and enabled. Do however note that this will reduce performance compared to using mod_proxy directly, as it doesn't handle persistent connections or connection pooling. So if you can't do what you want with VirtualHosts, I'd suggest the third method:

3 Using mod_proxy directly

<VirtualHost *:80>
  ServerName bacon.com

  ProxyPass http://example.com/bacon
  ProxyPassReverse  http://example.com/bacon
</VirtualHost>

For more information about that, see the mod_proxy documentation

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    +1 for the [P] flag (which works), but now I'm getting no styles. How can I get the mod_rewrite to ignore URLs for css (so bacon.com/css/ should be redirected to example.com/css)
    – hohner
    Commented May 10, 2013 at 10:26
  • I'm adding that to the answer, give me a sec...
    – Jenny D
    Commented May 10, 2013 at 10:36
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    Thanks for the [P] flag. Exactly what I was looking for: simple, and just working. :)
    – Tom
    Commented Jun 26, 2018 at 9:00

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