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I have an Ubuntu server where I am blocking some IPs with ufw. I enabled logging, but I don't know where to find the logs. Where might the logs be or why might ufw not be logging?

48

Perform sudo ufw status verbose to see if you're even logging in the first place. If you're not, perform sudo ufw logging on if it isn't. If it is logging, check /var/log/ for files starting with ufw. For example, sudo ls /var/log/ufw*

If you are logging, but there are no /var/log/ufw* files, check to see if rsyslog is running: sudo service rsyslog status. If rsyslog is running, ufw is logging, and there are still no logs files, search through common log files for any mention of UFW. For example: grep -i ufw /var/log/syslog and grep -i ufw /var/log/messages as well as grep -i ufw /var/log/kern.log.

If you find a ton of ufw messages in the syslog, messages, and kern.log file, then rsyslog might need to be told to log all UFW messages to a separate file. Add a line to the top of /etc/rsyslog.d/50-default.conf that says the following two lines:

:msg, contains, “UFW” -/var/log/ufw.log
& ~

And you should then have a ufw.log file that contains all ufw messages!

NOTE:

Do I need to tell you to check the 50-default.conf file for pre-existing references to ufw? Do I need to tell you to backup the 50-default.conf file to 50-default.conf.date before making any changes? No... no I don't. You know that already.

1

You can also find UFW's logs in the kernel buffer.

sudo dmesg | grep '\[UFW'

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