Chrome has group policies for deployment.
I just started rolling it out in our org and there is a setting in their group policy templates to have it automatically import favorites without user intervention. It also lets you set whether or not it should become the default browser, automatically install extensions, and set a whole host of other settings.
It works quite well in an active directory setting. If you don't have AD you could figure out the actual registry settings those apply and apply them some other way.