I'm working a website we maintain, and I use Capistrano to deploy. I've kind of inherited the stuff, so I'm not the one who set everything up.

When I deploy to the server, it fails and nothing is updated. Since file permissions usually are the culprit of it failing, in my experience, I checked them for the folder I'm deploying to, and I saw something I haven't seen before: drwxrwsr-x+.

I don't know what that ending plus sign is or what it does; I assumed it was CentOS' way of denoting sticky bit, but when I ran sudo chmod -t shared, it was still there, so I guess it must not be the sticky bit.

Can someone who knows more about Linux tell me what the ending "+" is in that list of permissions?


2 Answers 2


From info ls, under the What information is listed? section, regarding the output produced by -l:

 A file with any other combination of alternate access methods is
 marked with a '+' character.

Generally, it means it has an ACL set.

  • 2
    If I could +2, I would, because not only did that answer my question, I also had never heard of the info command. I've always just used cmd --help and man cmd Sep 10, 2013 at 15:31
  • 1
    Some people find info to be confusing to navigate because of the hyperlinking. If you dislike info, try piping it through less info foo | less to give you a familiar feel. Sep 10, 2013 at 15:36
  • Goldentoa11, thanks for that. Do feel free to accept the answer, by clicking on the tick outline next to it, if you're happy with it.
    – MadHatter
    Sep 10, 2013 at 15:38
  • I install pinfo every now and then if I find myself needing to read INFO docs. It gives lynx like navigation to info docs. Sep 10, 2013 at 15:43
  • 1
    Seriously, try info foo | less. It pipes everything through less, and functions very similarly to a manpage -- often the content is 99% identical. Once I found this I never looked back. Sep 12, 2013 at 16:53

As stated by @MadHatter this means the File/Directory has additional right trough Access Control Lists. Usually the Owner:Group system is enough, but in some cases you need a fainer grained permission control. There comes the acl system in touch.

To see the acls on a specific file/dir simply type:

getfacl myfileordir

For changing the permissions use the setfacl command. See in the man page of it, for the proper syntax.

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