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I had an issue where either postfix or dovecot did not have permission to create user directories in /var/mail.

Doing ls -l '/var/mail' showed me that the owner and group was root root.

1 root root 10 May 27 13:48 /var/mail -> spool/mail

I tried changing owner and group to postfix, and then dovecot, and both times when I did a ls -l the owner and group remained as root. (this is while logged in as root).

Somebody recommended the chmod needed to be 644, so I changed it to that, and still, the server wouldn't create the user directories in the mail folders.

In the meantime, I changed chmod to 777 and everything started working, but now I have a big security concern.

Why didn't the owner and group change from root when I told it to?

Who should own /var/mail? and what chmod does it need?

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    On my Ubuntu 12.04 server /var/mail/ is owned by root mail and permissions are 775. – Paul Sep 24 '13 at 7:32
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Who should own /var/mail? and what chmod does it need?

it would depend on postfix/dovecot settings. I'm using special user virtual

# groupadd -g 1981 virtual 
# useradd -g virtual -s /sbin/nologin -u 1981 virtual

# chown virtual:virtual /var/spool/mail/
# chmod 750 /var/spool/mail/

And then use the user in postfix

virtual_gid_maps = static:1981
virtual_uid_maps = static:1981

and Dovecot

first_valid_gid = 1981
last_valid_gid = 1981

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