We're having a very weird issue at work. Our Ubuntu server has 6 drives, set up with RAID1 as follows:
/dev/md0, consisting of: /dev/sda1 /dev/sdb1
/dev/md1, consisting of: /dev/sda2 /dev/sdb2
/dev/md2, consisting of: /dev/sda3 /dev/sdb3
/dev/md3, consisting of: /dev/sdc1 /dev/sdd1
/dev/md4, consisting of: /dev/sde1 /dev/sdf1
As you can see, md0, md1 and md2 all use the same 2 drives (split into 3 partitions). I also have to note that this is done via ubuntu software raid, not hardware raid.
Today, the /md0 RAID1 array shows as degraded - it is missing the /dev/sdb1 drive. But since /dev/sdb1 is only a partition (and /dev/sdb2 and /dev/sdb3 are working fine), it's obviously not the drive that's gone AWOL, it seems the partition itself is missing.
How is that even possible? And what could we do to fix it?
My output of cat /proc/mdstat:
Personalities : [linear] [multipath] [raid0] [raid1] [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] [raid10] md1 : active raid1 sda2 sdb2 24006528 blocks super 1.2 [2/2] [UU] md2 : active raid1 sda3 sdb3 1441268544 blocks super 1.2 [2/2] [UU] md0 : active raid1 sda1 1464710976 blocks super 1.2 [2/1] [U_] md3 : active raid1 sdd1 sdc1 2930133824 blocks super 1.2 [2/2] [UU] md4 : active raid1 sdf2 sde2 2929939264 blocks super 1.2 [2/2] [UU] unused devices: <none>
FYI: I tried the following:
mdadm /dev/md0 --add /dev/sdb1
But got this error:
mdadm: add new device failed for /dev/sdb1 as 2: Invalid argument
Output of mdadm --detail /dev/md0 is:
/dev/md0: Version : 1.2 Creation Time : Sat Dec 29 17:09:45 2012 Raid Level : raid1 Array Size : 1464710976 (1396.86 GiB 1499.86 GB) Used Dev Size : 1464710976 (1396.86 GiB 1499.86 GB) Raid Devices : 2 Total Devices : 1 Persistence : Superblock is persistent Update Time : Thu Nov 7 15:55:07 2013 State : clean, degraded Active Devices : 1 Working Devices : 1 Failed Devices : 0 Spare Devices : 0 Name : lia:0 (local to host lia) UUID : eb302d19:ff70c7bf:401d63af:ed042d59 Events : 26216 Number Major Minor RaidDevice State 0 8 1 0 active sync /dev/sda1 1 0 0 1 removed
mdadm --examine /dev/sd[ab]1