Is mdadm guaranteed (and trusted via experience) to be safe for taking snapshots with only an xfs_freeze? I have encountered vague warnings about mdadm still working in the background, thus making snapshots unsafe without disassembling the RAID first, but I'd rather avoid having to go through the disassembly/reassembly if possible.
The snapshots are block-level via EBS, but I am less concerned about the snapshotting process than I am about the correct data being consistent when the snapshot is taken.
Options besides mdadm are welcome if they make the process more reliable -- we used to use LVM striping, but switched to mdadm specifically because of reports of cross-disk snapshots not being reliable. We are also looking into some combination, such as using mdadm for striping and an LVM layer for snapshotting.
The ideal solution would be one that avoids having to stop the services running off of the RAID (in this case, Mongo) and would be in the original data format so that a new server could attach an array of the restored snapshots and not require additional steps to massage the data into place. (We already have code that can reassemble snapshots into a new server -- we just need to reliably create those snapshots.)