I'm having troubles with a chrooted environment on Ubuntu 12.04.


Set up FTP/SFTP server where users part of a new 'sftp' group can sftp and ftp to the same directory

ProFTP Setup

The ProFTP setup is a base build in Ubuntu and it works as expected. User 'test1' can log into the server via ftp on tcp 21 and is chrooted to his directory /home/test1/ftproot.

in /etc/proftpd/proftpd.conf

# Use this to jail all users in their homes
DefaultRoot                     ~/ftproot

When the user test1 logs in via ftp, he sees only / (that's what I want).

But when the same user logs in via sftp, and it's properly chrooted using sshd_config, because the /home/test1 directory MUST be owned by root, the user logs in via sftp and sees:


What this means is that the user does NOT end up in the same /ftproot directory. test1 will end up in his /home/test1 home directory by default which is actually owned by root. Therefore, he cannot write anything via sftp until he changes directories to /ftproot.

How do i setup the sftp server so by default he ends up in the same directory?

Here are my sshd_config relevant settings:

#Subsystem sftp /usr/lib/openssh/sftp-server
Subsystem sftp internal-sftp -f AUTH -1 VERBOSE
Match Group sftp
ChrootDirectory %h
ForceCommand internal-sftp
#AllowTcpForwarding No

ChrootDirectory %h/ftproot does not work.

2 Answers 2


Now that proftpd has its own SFTP implementation via the mod_sftp module, using that for your SFTP needs (rather than OpenSSH) might neatly address this issue.


You need to change what folder the user 'test1' arrives at with SSH. Look at the answer to this question: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/3530433/putty-change-default-ssh-login-directory;
Add cd subdir/subdir to ~/.bashrc or ~/.bash_profile, or
change the home directory of the user.

To change a user's home directory: usermod -d /path/to/dir/ username

  • I tried both files and neither worked for me. Perhaps I've done something incorrect? I added cd ftproot (to change into /home/test1/ftproot). I also tried the full path. I read up on this and I'm wondering if this is applicable: askubuntu.com/questions/121073/…
    – Mike J
    Jan 30, 2014 at 13:58

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