I'm trying to make a raid array on an existing linux ubuntu install.
I'm following this tutorial... http://howtoforge.org/software-raid1-grub-boot-fedora-8
After going through the list of things a million times I finally understand what's going on. You make the raid device, on your new blank drive, copy your old / drive to it, set up the grub menu.lst, fstab, mtab initrd and grub MBR to all point to the raid device (which I have defined and is working) and then you reboot. Once you've booted, you now run in the raid device (/dev/md0) Then you merely hook your original drive up to the raid array, it syncs and voila you're done.
So I set up my menu.lst to primarily load the kernel and initrd from the raid device, and failover to my original (still intact) old disk. And it always fails over when I reboot. I boot the machine, run my new grub entry and it says "error 15 file not found." Lots of stuff on the web about it, none seem to help.
The only thing that's weird is when I go to setup the MBR with grub, you say "root (hd0,0)" which I finally understand what it means, and it's supposed to say Filesystem type is ext2fs, partition type 0xfd or somethingn like that. Mine says nothing. But when I run setup (hd0) and setup (hd2) it says it's doing the right thing to the right drive. So I assume it's working. but it can't load initrd/the kernel from the md0 device.
The only other thing I'm thinking, is how on earth does grub know what a raid device is. The kernel hasn't loaded, the software raid modules haven't loaded, how can stupid little grub have any idea at all where to load initrd from? So I'm thinking, okay there's a mapping somewhere from /dev/md0 to /dev/sdc1 (the new raid drive) but I don't see where that could be happening. And for kicks, (I did this SO many times in various combinations) I tried setting the grub menu.lst to try and load the initrd and kernel from root=/dev/sdc1 (my new drive) and it still says file not found. So either the grub mbr setup isn't working, or I'm missing something really simple.
Here's some more info... root@io:~# cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [linear] [multipath] [raid0] [raid1] [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] [raid10] md0 : active raid1 sdc1 18771840 blocks [2/1] [_U] root@io:~# fdisk -l Disk /dev/sda: 20.8 GB, 20847697920 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2534 cylinders Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes Disk identifier: 0x9d949d94 Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/sda1 * 1 2337 18771921 83 Linux /dev/sda2 2338 2434 779152+ 5 Extended /dev/sda5 2338 2434 779121 82 Linux swap / Solaris Disk /dev/sdb: 320.0 GB, 320072933376 bytes 16 heads, 63 sectors/track, 620181 cylinders Units = cylinders of 1008 * 512 = 516096 bytes Disk identifier: 0x00000000 Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/sdb1 * 1 4064 2048224+ 83 Linux /dev/sdb2 4065 620181 310522968 83 Linux Disk /dev/sdc: 20.0 GB, 20020396032 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 2434 cylinders Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes Disk identifier: 0x00000080 Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/sdc1 * 1 2337 18771921 fd Linux raid autodetect /dev/sdc2 2338 2434 779152+ 5 Extended /dev/sdc5 2338 2434 779121 82 Linux swap / Solaris Disk /dev/md0: 19.2 GB, 19222364160 bytes 2 heads, 4 sectors/track, 4692960 cylinders Units = cylinders of 8 * 512 = 4096 bytes Disk identifier: 0x00000000 Disk /dev/md0 doesn't contain a valid partition table root@io:~# mdadm -E mdadm: No devices to examine root@io:~# cat /etc/mdadm.conf ARRAY /dev/md0 level=raid1 num-devices=2 UUID=5248ed76:cba39cc2:3082255a:649c0d18 root@io:~# root@io:~# cat /boot/grub/menu.lst default 0 # 8/14/09 added this fallback 1 ## timeout sec # Set a timeout, in SEC seconds, before automatically booting the default entry # (normally the first entry defined). timeout 3 ## hiddenmenu # Hides the menu by default (press ESC to see the menu) hiddenmenu # added this 8/14/09 for raid boot, note this will get blown away on next kernel update # if it's after the magic marker # this means we will have to manually update this when there's a kernel upgrade :-( # in grub land hd0 = /dev/sda and hd1 = /dev/sdb and hd2 = /dev/sdc I hope # we're putting sdc first for now title Ubuntu 8.04.3 LTS, kernel 2.6.24-24-generic (raid) root (hd2,0) #kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-24-generic root=UUID=b11d6b08-fdfe-4b0d-adec-4e263455be23 ro kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-24-generic root=/dev/md0 ro initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-24-generic quiet title Ubuntu 8.04.3 LTS, kernel 2.6.24-24-generic root (hd0,0) kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-24-generic root=UUID=d8c402cc-7445-4878-b3aa-c9568b740b51 ro initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-24-generic quiet title Ubuntu 8.04.3 LTS, kernel 2.6.24-24-generic (recovery mode) root (hd0,0) kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-24-generic root=UUID=d8c402cc-7445-4878-b3aa-c9568b740b51 ro single initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-24-generic root@io:~# blkid /dev/sda1: UUID="d8c402cc-7445-4878-b3aa-c9568b740b51" SEC_TYPE="ext2" TYPE="ext3" /dev/sda5: TYPE="swap" UUID="e0509276-30eb-4dcb-8e17-20f8244f5403" /dev/sdb1: LABEL="alt" UUID="ea1789eb-9d6f-47a9-a074-18121792b30a" SEC_TYPE="ext2" TYPE="ext3" /dev/sdb2: LABEL="sp" UUID="3b6d1173-f9fd-4a3e-8e5d-249fc682355b" SEC_TYPE="ext2" TYPE="ext3" /dev/sdc1: UUID="76ed4852-c29c-a3cb-5a25-8230180d9c64" TYPE="mdraid" /dev/md0: UUID="b11d6b08-fdfe-4b0d-adec-4e263455be23" SEC_TYPE="ext2" TYPE="ext3"