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I've got a cron job in root's crontab defined like this:

0 1 * * * /usr/local/bin/tarsnap-backup-script > /tmp/tarsnapcron.txt 2> /tmp/tarsnapcron.err

The script is a python script that executes tarsnap, which reads the key from /root/tarsnap.key. This key is owned by root and chmod 400.

If I run the script from the bash shell, it executes without error. However, under cron, I get a python exception printed to tarsnapcron.err:

could not change directory to "/root": Permission denied

What's the difference between running this script as root in bash, and running it from root's crontab? Why can the latter not read from /root?

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I had the same problem and the solution was, to grant root group rights:

chmod 440 /root/backup.key

After that cron was able to read the file, and the backup script run flawlessly.

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