What is the meaning of the tilde after the location block in the nginx configuration?

for example

location ~ ^/download/(.*)$ {
  alias /home/website/files/$1;

What is the difference between with and without the "~" ?


1 Answer 1


The tilde instructs nginx to perform a case-sensitive regular expression match, instead of a straight string comparison.

More details in the docs.

  • 1
    Additionally, ~* modifier for case-insensitive reg exp matching and ^~ modifier to override possible matches elsewhere. Nov 20, 2020 at 18:51

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