I am looking for where the default Amazon AMI linux image sets up the privileges for the default ec2-user account.

After logging in with this account I can use sudo successfully. Checking via the sudoers file, which I open by running visudo (with no other options) I see a few default settings and permissions for root ALL ALL

So ... Where is the permissions for ec2-user assigned?

I have not yet tried to add a new permission but ultimately I want to resign ec2-user for systems management tasks and use a non-full root user for administering the applications (stop and start mysql, httpd, edit apache's vhost files, and upload / edit web content under the web root)

2 Answers 2


It's in /etc/sudoers.d/cloud-init. I, too, delete it from my production systems as soon as I can.

It is included by virtue of the line

#includedir /etc/sudoers.d

in the /etc/sudoers file. Note that, as it says, that leading # isn't treated as a comment sign. On some of my servers, it's also in /etc/sudoers.d/90-cloud-init-users; it may be safest to userdel the ec2-user user.

  • Yes it is. Now why don't you fix your answer so that I can award you the credit?
    – Johan
    May 29, 2014 at 9:06
  • 1
    What on earth were the sudo devs thinking with that #include syntax when the comment character is #?
    – DaveGauer
    May 19, 2018 at 23:02
  • 1
    @DaveGauer it's using the same syntax as a C preprocessor (#include "file" or #include <stdio.h>). But yes, that's a bad choice for a config file. Jun 29, 2018 at 21:38

Indeed it is a file from /etc/sudoers.d/

From the master sudoers file, the very last part:
## Read drop-in files from /etc/sudoers.d (the # here does not mean a comment)
#includedir /etc/sudoers.d

Specifically the small bit which reads # here does not mean a comment

And then:

[root@webmaster ec2-user]# cd /etc/sudoers.d/
[root@webmaster sudoers.d]# ls -l
total 4
-r--r----- 1 root root 88 May  5 09:16 cloud-init
[root@webmaster sudoers.d]# grep ec2-user *
ec2-user ALL = NOPASSWD: ALL
# User rules for ec2-user


  • Hi, I did this and now it's PWD protected.. how I remove?
    – FilipeOS
    Jul 6, 2022 at 1:00

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