I am attempting to setup a reverse proxy to allow only a few select ip ranges to proxy to an internal host, while I would like anyone else not within the ip ranges to redirect to our internal named host. In this setup, the webservice will work while anyone who is not VPN'd into our network will not be capable of navigating to the internal resource. I have been attempting to get this to work without luck, my partial config is currently as follows:

       ProxyRequests Off
    <Proxy *>
            Allow from all
    <Location />
            Allow From xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx/24 1xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx/23
            Deny From All
            ProxyPass http://server.local.corp:8000/
            ProxyPassReverse http://server.local.corp:8000/

This config appears to work well for blocking other ip ranges from being able to proxy, however I am unclear how I can add a redirect statement for anyone else.

Edit Taking advice from the first answer my code now looks like:

<If "%{REMOTE_ADDR} -ipmatch 'xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx/24'">
  ProxyPass / http://server.local.corp:8000/
  ProxyPassReverse / http://server.local.corp:8000/

And apache throws the following error on restart:

ProxyPass cannot occur within <If> section
Action 'configtest' failed.
The Apache error log may have more information.
  • I'm facing the same error regarding ProxyPass and the <If> section Nov 26, 2014 at 5:42

2 Answers 2


The following should work if you are allowed to use subdomains, only should I can't test it at the moment ...

However the logic should work.

Use the to redirect XTERNs to a sub domain eg. xtern.example.com and resolve the things with virtual hosts!

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName example.com

    <If "%{REMOTE_ADDR} !-ipmatch 'xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx/24'">
        Redirect "/" "http://xtern.example.com"

    ProxyPass http://server.local.corp:8000/
    ProxyPassReverse http://server.local.corp:8000/

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerName xtern.example.com

    ProxyPass http://server.xtern.corp:8000/
    ProxyPassReverse http://server.xtern.corp:8000/

You need to wrap you ProxyPass and Redirect directives into the newly introduced If statement: <If expression> ProxyPass… </If>"

Take a look at http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/core.html#if to find out more about the If directive, and http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/expr.html to learn how to write an Apache expression (-ipmatch seems to be what you're looking for)

Note that this is only valid in Apache httpd 2.4.

  • 3
    Apache 2.4 does not allow ProxyPass within <If> section Feb 10, 2017 at 20:49
  • 1
    hmmm.. I can't remember wether or not I tested it, but this is weird because the doc clearly states that "Only directives that support the directory context can be used within this configuration section." which is the case of "ProxyPass"...
    – alxgomz
    Feb 14, 2017 at 13:14
  • I did test it :) - and it shows that error (edit: using Apache/2.4.25 (Unix)) Feb 14, 2017 at 18:56
  • ref: Apache bug #54965 Apr 25, 2018 at 0:50

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