I am running a cron job to execute a php file multiple times per minute like this

*  *  *  *  * /usr/bin/php /var/www/html/myFile.php >> /var/www/html/cronlog 2> /dev/null
*  *  *  *  * sleep 10; /usr/bin/php /var/www/html/myFile.php >> /var/www/html/cronlog 2> /dev/null
*  *  *  *  * sleep 20; /usr/bin/php /var/www/html/myFile.php >> /var/www/html/cronlog 2> /dev/null
*  *  *  *  * sleep 30; /usr/bin/php /var/www/html/myFile.php >> /var/www/html/cronlog 2> /dev/null
*  *  *  *  * sleep 40; /usr/bin/php /var/www/html/myFile.php >> /var/www/html/cronlog 2> /dev/null
*  *  *  *  * sleep 50; /usr/bin/php /var/www/html/myFile.php >> /var/www/html/cronlog 2> /dev/null

This executes myFile.php fine but when i count the number of process running
ps -ef | grep php | wc -l
It adds up and cpu usage hits 100%!

Should i be running a single bash file and from within the bash file run multiple php files staggered?

If so how would I write the bash script?


edit: I would like to mention that the execution of the file should take place after the previous execution is complete.

Also a cron job is not mandatory as krisFR has pointed out

  • 1
    Wow, i think you should run a single script in background (nohup) with a loop and sleep – krisFR Jul 30 '14 at 20:38
  • @krisFR thank you for the advice. How would you write that in bash? – t q Jul 30 '14 at 20:44

I don't know what your script is actually doing, maybe it requires a lot of server resources, and for sure the next one is starting before the previous one has finished. Is it what you want ? I will guess "no".

I would suggest to run a single Bash script, something like :

while true; do
   /usr/bin/php /var/www/html/myFile.php >> /var/www/html/cronlog 2> /dev/null
   sleep 10

Let's consider you put the above code in file /home/me/myscript.sh you can run it in background using :

nohup /home/me/myscript.sh &

Test and check if it feets your need.

  • thank you will try it out! yes sometimes it requires a lot of server resource and preferably i would like the next one to start after the first process has finished – t q Jul 30 '14 at 20:51
  • when you say single script in background(nohup) would this work for the cron? * * * * * sudo /usr/local/bin/myScript.sh httpd /var/www/html/cronlog > /dev/null 2>&1 – t q Jul 30 '14 at 20:55
  • It could but it is not my advice, it will be worst ! But warning, the sample script i've provided will execute the PHP script every 10 seconds after the previous one has finished : so, depending on the time your PHP script takes to execute, you can have more or less than 6 executions per minutes – krisFR Jul 30 '14 at 21:00
  • i see, can you recommend a better way of writing the cron please. – t q Jul 30 '14 at 21:05
  • 1
    I've updated my answer. Cron is not necessarily the way to go. Ask yourself and adjust your initial question accordingly : "Do i want a straight number of execution per minutes ? if yes, how many ? What do i do if previous execution is not finished yet when next starts ?" – krisFR Jul 30 '14 at 21:26

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